SOCI 1040 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Neoliberalism, Zentner, Jeff Lorber

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31 Jan 2017
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Midterm Review
Kimmel #1:
-Interplanetary gender of difference: society is under the false assumption that differences
BETWEEN genders are larger than the differences AMONG a single gender
-Inequality = exaggeration of differences
-Privilege of invisibility: being in the dominant group venders aspects invisible; seen as an
individual (doctor) as opposed to part of a group (female doctor; black doctor)
-Hegemonic Masculinity: ideal privileged man; emphasized femininity: idealized female
hooks
-Lack of unity, lack of definition of feminism = no successful engagement in political action
-Intersectionality
Lorber
-Gender is a process and social institution
-Human paradox: performing roles into the binaries; culture shapes destiny through
naturalization
Kimmel #2:
-Evolutionary Psychology: biological/genetic predetermined roles; based on REPRODUCTION
-Social Darwinism: justifies/naturalizes inequality
Zentner
-Mate selection should be consistent around the world based on biology
-In fact, the mate is very different in different cultures = culturally defined; disproves Kimmel #2
Mead
-Gender roles are culturally/socially specific
-Culture selects the most desirous traits that others are expected to fulfill
Valentine
-Impossible not to “do” gender; others “do” it for you
-Biology and culture are mutual
Nanda
-Not a sex/gender/sexuality binary: not linear (male, male, heterosexual) it can be a mix
-Gender variants: ROLES in society are gendered, but anyone can do any role (bio woman
performing male roles = man within the culture)
Hyde
-Gender similarities hypothesis: more similarities between men and women; instead of focusing
on differences
-Conclusion: very little difference bw men and women
Risman
-Different basis of inequality; gender is embedded in social life
-System of constraints = social structure = inequality
-Power is multidimensional: who has control? Who has the need to change if they have benefits?
-If you believe you are going to be bad at something, then you’ll do worse than otherwise
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Document Summary

Interplanetary gender of difference: society is under the false assumption that differences. Between genders are larger than the differences among a single gender. Privilege of invisibility: being in the dominant group venders aspects invisible; seen as an individual (doctor) as opposed to part of a group (female doctor; black doctor) Hegemonic masculinity: ideal privileged man; emphasized femininity: idealized female. Lack of unity, lack of definition of feminism = no successful engagement in political action. Human paradox: performing roles into the binaries; culture shapes destiny through naturalization. Evolutionary psychology: biological/genetic predetermined roles; based on reproduction. Mate selection should be consistent around the world based on biology. In fact, the mate is very different in different cultures = culturally defined; disproves kimmel #2. Culture selects the most desirous traits that others are expected to fulfill. Impossible not to do gender; others do it for you. Not a sex/gender/sexuality binary: not linear (male, male, heterosexual) it can be a mix.

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