[SOCI 1090] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 19 pages long Study Guide!

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7 Feb 2017
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Tulane University
SOCI 1090
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Chapter 1: The Sociological Approach to Social Problems
Immigration = population growth
Living longer in America = as time goes on and population remains at a steady growth,
having older civilians last longer promotes growth
Greater burden in young to support the old w/ ss and Medicare (due to baby boom)
Inequality gap is even bigger, resulting in a decline in middle class, most falling down
economic ladder than going up
Influence of money to get power to gain influence on others
Globalization = cheapest labor with lower taxes and less gov control
Federal gov reduces safety nets for those in poverty
Population growth globally among the poorest, most malnourished of Nations
War on terror
1.1: History of Social Problems Theory
1920-1930s focused on conditions of society causing problems
Rapid change in cities fostered crime rates
Recently stopped blaming society; started blaming individuals for deviation from norms
Subjective nature of social problems: audience and time declares the social problem
1.2: Towards a Definition of Social Problems
Objective reality of social problems: conditions in society that induce suffering and
prevent people from developing their full potential
Due to varying viewpoints it is nearly impossible to define social problems (is abortion?
Gun control? Etc)
The powerful members of society determine what is the social problems in our society
1.3: Types of Social Problems
Engage in deviant behavior due to location, race, class, and other factors
Institutionalized deviance: formal organizations of society does not meet the needs of the
individual (not viewed as a social problem bc those in power create the formal
organizations)
The powerful label the deviants who must be controlled instead of looking for outside
contributions to their behavior
1.4: The Sociological Imagination
View the social world from the perspective of others, focusing on the social, economic,
and historical circumstances producing the problem
Instead of focusing on the person (poor), focus on the reform (welfare)
1.5: Social Structure as the Basic Unit of Analysis
Are deviants the social problems or are they mere victims of a flawed system?
Cultural deprivation: the culture is inferior and deficient
Incarcerating the deviants (jails, mental hospitals, etc) turns blame away from the system
as well as eliminating the “problem”
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Victim blaming encourages the belief of social Darwinism: the poor are poor because
they are the lowest in society
We can't 100% blame the system, there are SOME nasty people out there but overall, the
deviants are results of society
1.6: Sociological Methods: the Craft of Sociology
To determine the root of a problem, questions be asked: comparative questions of
different regions and races, historical questions to find trends, and finally the “why”
There is no pure objectivity, we all are burdened with our preconceived notions and
unintentional bias
Taking each side in an argument will yield very different results with similar research
Having the results of one person leads to overgeneralization in addition to victim blaming
The powerful has all the control: they decide what social issues are addressed and
ignored, they create and enforce laws, determine which behaviors are rewarded and
punished, etc
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