Where did subtheories come from?
Why did people start studying social interations?
early 1800s (Enlightenment, Political Revolutions, Industrial Revolution, Global
who should hold power?
what role does religion play?
best way to organize economy?
how to maintain order?
most important values?
historical context is shaping the theories
we care because we can use the theories to help us with the present
massive environmental changes
Enlightenment (individualism & reason)
Protestant Reformation ▯personal relationship with God
Church loses some power with prayers, Latin services, and faith in priests/popes
~idea of personal relationship with God didn’t exist
growing emphasis on reason (Galileo, Newton, etc.)
knowledge is more logical but Church disagreed
now can observe world on their own instead of listening to others, using logic
birth of modern science
basis of sociology
new types of leadership
decline in monarchy and faith in devine authority
ex. England 1688:James II overthrown
decline in aristrocracy and faith in inherited rule
ex. French Revolution
▯demand in legitimate authority
ex. Representative gov’t
impersonal law replaces tradition & ruler’s laws
ex. Beheading people basis for social contract between gov’t and governed
social contract: people agree to give up some of their rights in exchange for fair rules
changes in marriage become personal not kinbased
shift from inherited “ascribed” roles to chosen “achieved” roles
basis for studying new reasons for social solidarity and order
this shift reinforced with industrial revolution
new work, no longer in