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sociology test 2

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC 101
Professor
swindal
Semester
Fall

Description
Sociology 2 Where did subtheories come from? Why did people start studying social interations? ­early 1800s (Enlightenment, Political Revolutions, Industrial Revolution, Global  Exploration) ­European­developed major changes: ­who should hold power? ­what role does religion play? ­best way to organize economy? ­how to maintain order? ­most important values? ­historical context is shaping the theories ­we care because we can use the theories to help us with the present ex.: ­globalization ­communication revolution biotechnology ­massive environmental changes Historical Context: ­Enlightenment (individualism & reason) ­Protestant Reformation  ▯personal relationship with God ­Church loses some power with prayers, Latin services, and faith in priests/popes ~idea of personal relationship with God didn’t exist ­growing emphasis on reason (Galileo, Newton, etc.) ­knowledge is more logical but Church disagreed ­now can observe world on their own instead of listening to others, using logic ­birth of modern science ­basis of sociology Revolution ­new types of leadership ­decline in monarchy and faith in devine authority ex. England 1688:James II overthrown ­decline in aristrocracy and faith in inherited rule ex. French Revolution  ▯demand in legitimate authority  ex. Representative gov’t ­impersonal law replaces tradition & ruler’s laws ex. Beheading people ­basis for social contract between gov’t and governed  social contract: people agree to give up some of their rights in exchange for fair rules ­changes in marriage become personal not kin­based ­shift from inherited “ascribed” roles to chosen “achieved” roles ­basis for studying new reasons for social solidarity and order industrial revolution ­this shift reinforced with industrial revolution ­new work, no longer in
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