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sociology test 3

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC 101
Professor
swindal
Semester
Fall

Description
Sociology 3 Culture and Society Culture: our shared language, knowledge, material objects, and behavior ­culture shapes our perception of the world ­dominant culture in US ­subculture ex: hipsters, skaters, football fans ­style of appearance (achieved roles), geographical areas, common belief systems,age,  retired people,  ­a way of acting, looking at the world, traditions material culture: physical or technological aspects of our daily lives 1960: notepads, ashtrays, radios 2012: cell phones, tablets, bottled water non material culture: language, values, norms, sanctions ­how are culture and individuals (agents) related? They create culture ­how are culture and social structure related? ­culture created TOGETHER by agents (individuals, groups organizations) ­can’t do it alone, but can represent changes happening ex: martin luther king junior, steve jobs ­culture is shared through the institutions that make up the social structure ­“how we structure society constrains the kind of culture we construct” ex: tax evasion in Greece ­relatively unstable govt, lack of tax enforcement ­lack of “sunshine” on govts finances; lack of anti corruption laws ­govt lacks modern computerized tax system ­banks obstruct efforts of govt to track evaders ­tax avoidance is widespread: govt is owed 45 billion euros in back taxes ­wealthy individuals and offshore businesses send millions to swiss bank accounts ­average ppl internalize these value and culture accepts/valorizes tax evasion cash only transactions: “shadow economy” ­greeks didn’t have the tools to construct a tax­compliant culture ­social structure gives us tools to build certain types of cultures ex: equality for women to vote, own property fertility: having large families is a source of pride in agrarian socieities where economy is  labor intensive ­institutions can change because of culture ex: no longer have traditional families economy: increasing free market values  ▯reforms to welfare state religion: rejection of authority, more permissive culture, religion in US is a lot more  “accessible” how does culture change? ­material  culture usually changes beca
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