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ARC 234
Hadas Steiner

Timeline Thursday, March 20, 2014 10:21 PM Renaissance: - Born from the squalor and suppression of the middle ages - First cultivated in Florence ○ Was strongest in Florence and Italy Belief: - Was a culmination of history/ antiquity ○ Was not a new invention but rather a movementthat was growing for centuries - Change of architecture from a craft with knowledge passed verbally in a guild of masons ○ Architecture became a profession for scholars and not just craftsmen ○ Architectural treaties were written for scholars and regular people rather than just architects  Unlike Vitruvius's 4 books that had no illustrations - Humanism and the study of nature influenced design ○ Symmetrical forms, clean lines, and harmonic spaces - Incorporation of antiquity to solve architectural issues Architects: Alberti - Wrote 10 books on architecture for people not in the profession ○ Written for scholars and commonwealth to understand architecture - Saw the use of nature as an interpretation of god, making architects gods themselves - Columns became pilasters and part of the wall ○ Used only for structure and not ornament ○ The wall was to be the most structural element visually Palladio - Most works of Renaissance - Palladio see's the copying of nature as a search for geometry and applying it to architecture - Publishes 4 books on arch with his own works along with antiquity ○ Publishing of own work "advertises" his design philosophy Mannerism - Offshoot of the Renaissance - "Architecture falling sick" - Fragrance of nature and intentional breaking of symmetrical and clean nature - Advent of large orders (2-3 story columns) and large structure (stairs, walls, pilasters) - Michelangelo was biggest proponent Protestant Reformation - Lead to the church questioning how it presents itself to the people ○ Especially the church itself Baroque ○ Used as a response by the catholic church in response to the protestant reformation ○ Suppressed the protestants, less baroque buildings in protestant countries ○ Baroque architecture is plastic and fluid ○ Treats hard materials as soft ones ○ Sculpture became just as important as the architecture ○ The way we perceive the space is as important as its perfect measurements Architects Timeline Page 1 ○ Treats hard materials as soft ones ○ Sculpture became just as important as the architecture ○ The way we perceive the space is as important as its perfect measurements Architects - Bernini ○ "Starchitect" of the Baroque, first publically famous architect ○ Designed St Peters Cathedral  Used fragrant sculpture and gold leaf to show the power of the church ○ Patrons wanted a Bernini work - Borromini ○ Opposite of Bernini  Only famous to architects ○ Was an architect's architect ○ Designed buildings based on its programmatic need Neoclassical - Return to the Classical order of Greece, Rome, and the renaissance ○ A response to the daunting and flowing expression of the Baroque and latter Rococo - New historical conciousness ○ New vision of ho
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