Study Guide for Test 1.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University at Buffalo
ARC 241
Laura Garofalo Khan

Long Answer Questions: 10 min- highly detailed: Be able to Diagram / Draw / Outline: Designing with Climate, Sun, Air • Designing with climate: ( Review Case studies in Lecture PDFs for “design with climate”, and the Olgyay and Olgyay reading with it references) Outline and diagram: climate zones and specific building design strategies for a given climate zone. Siting specific examples presented in class by name and author (architect) and a brief description of them. Polar: Problem: • Strong cold winds • Snow • Extremely low temperatures Examples: Goal: Igloo: Ice lining, Tunnel Entry, Ventilation hole • Minimize heat loss Princess Elisabeth Polar Research Station: Wall Module • Deflect snow and cold air Cold (Snow Forest): Problem: • Cold Winds / Snow • Varied Temperatures Goal: • Conserve Heat • Keep out snow and rain • Allow for summer ventilation Examples: Plank and timber shelters of Pacific Coast Tribes: Grouping/ Siting Kwakiutl Village of Xumtaspi-Nawittl: Grouping/ Siting Pit House, Thompson Indians Nicola, 1890s: Grouping/ Siting Makenzy Basin, New Zeland Highlands: Building form- Thick Plan House on Lake Huron Mos Architects: Building form- Thin Plan Building Elements: • Roof • Floor Example: Houses with Sod Roofs, Iceland • Walls • Materials Example: House in Lodz, Poland Moomoo Architects Temperate: Problem: • Depends on the Microclimate • Less Demanding • Accommodate Variation in climate Examples: Eastern woods and plains dwellers villages (Iroquois) • Rain and Snow Charleston, SC • Summer heat and high humidity Malta, Mediterranean Sea Goal: • Winter: minimize heat loss/ allow solar access • Summer: Minimize insolation / Utilize ventilation • Manage Precipitation Building Form: • Thick Plan • Thin Plan Example: Green Belt House, California Ralph Rapson General Shelter Response Exemplary Shelter: Wigwam, North America, Central Plains Iroquois Longhouse/ Eastern woods Building Elements: Light Roof Walls Floor Example: Traditional Japanese House Curtain Wall House, Tokyo, Shigeru Ban, 1995 Weekend House, Le Corbusier, 1935 Paul Mitchel, Belair House, Australia, 2003 • Sun: (Review Solar Control and Shading Lectures) Solar Control and Shading Devices: Through written description and diagrams show the solar control strategies on a building that was presented in class. Need to know: o Both the climate region the building is in o Specific strategies used on the four different facades in relation to their orientation o The purpose or result of the given strategy o Architect name of the building o How to diagram and describe’ • Air: Ventilation strategies: through written description and diagrams show the natural ventilation strategies a building presented in class. o 3 Examples will be given o Know architect o Name of Building o How to diagram and describe components and performance. ***Note: Some examples of buildings with adequate amount of information f
More Less

Related notes for ARC 241

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.