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[LIN 207] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (42 pages long)

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LIN 207
Abigael Candelas

[LIN 207] Comprehensive Final Exam guide including any lecture notes, textbook notes and exam guides.find more resources at Intro to Linguistics What is linguistics? • There are roughly 7000 different languages in the world, and many more dialects • Li▯guisti▯s is the s▯ste▯ati▯ stud▯ of the ▯o▯ld▯s la▯guages • We are descriptive, not prescriptive: we treat all languages and dialects as equally correct and valid What is sociolinguistics? • Sociolinguistics is the study of how language (linguistics) relates to social context (socio-) • how does language vary and change depending on context? • How do people use language to express who they are? – Ethnicity – Gender/sexuality – Age or life stage – Cultural and/or religious background – Where you are from – Etc. Language and Dialect • In actual practice, the distinction between language and dialect is not clear-cut – Is it a linguistic distinction? – Or a political one? – Or both? • Mutual intelligibility, but speakers see them as separate languages: – Spanish and Catalan – Hindi and Urdu – Swedish and Norwegian – New Zealand Sign Language and Australian Sign Language • Some differences, but speakers see them as the same language: – Mandarin and Cantonese find more resources at
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