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Political Science
Course Code
PSC 101

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Political Science Final: November 11: • Why does Lijphart view low turnout as a problem? o If low turnout…only rich is voting o What’s to see democratic response to all not just rich o Unequal socioeconomic turnout o ( local elections equal lower turnout) • In the U.S about what percentage of voters usually vote in congressional (off year such as 2010 and 2014) elections? Local elections? What about in presidential elections? How has turnout presidential elections in the U.S been changing? o Local elections: 25% o Off year elections : 35% o When local elections fall on bigger elections voting turnout goes out….but some voters still only vote for bigger electoral. • What institutional features does Lijphart suggest to remedy low turnout? o ( LOOK UP ON PAGE 7-10 IN PACKAGE) November 18: • Status Quo: o The current policy • Winset: o The set of policies that can defeat the status quo • Veto Player: o An actor who must approve of any policy change. If a veto player vetoes a proposed policy change then the status quo remains the current policy. In order to change policy we must have unanimity among veto players not a majority. • The Three Claims: o Weaker agenda setting powers o Greater policy stability ( changes are infrequent) o Smaller changes in policy • Two implications: o During divided government: Policy output will be lower o During divided government : Policy output will be less radical November 20: • What is a principle/agent: o Principle:An actor that stipulates what task is to be completed, along with how it is to be done o Agent: The actor assigned to complete the task on behalf of the principal. • What is enacting coalition? o Principle hires agents to do task Ex: president, senate, house of representatives. • What is “Fact”? o Create a triangle by wrapping a line around the vote players in plots. If the status quo falls inside this triangle, then the winset is empty. If the status quo falls outside this triangle, then the winset is non-empty. • What is “implication”? o Agents are free to move about within the triangle. Since they don’t have to worry about corrective legislation. But they can’t move outside the triangle or all the veto players will agree that corrective action needs to be taken. • Bureaucratic Drift: o Occurs when agents drift from the policy established by the enacting coalation and toward their own preference. November 22: • Be familiar with the theory that Canes-Wrone suggests (Assumptions, implications, and Hypotheses) o Assumptions 1:  The president is a rational actor who has policy goals o Assumptions 2:  Members of congress(MC’s) are also rational actors with policy preferences, but their preferences depend on: • (1)Their voters policy positions • (2)Their party’s policy positions committees preferences and lobbyists preferences • (3)Their personal political preferences o Assumption 3  Public appeal about an issue increase its salence, but not the v
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