Disguising money in gifts; origami money (showing you care or thoughtless?) Society is a system of interconnected parts that work together in harmony to maintain a state of balance and social equilibrium for the whole. Focusing on the relationships between the various social institutions that make up society (government, law, education, religion) Society is a functioning unit, with each part related to the whole. Expected beneficial action to help part of a system. Unexpected beneficial action that helps the system (rain dance) Society is composed of groups that are competing for scarce resources (struggle for power) Some group control the means of production and some that are exploited. Whoever is powerful has the dominant opinion of others. The process must yield the same results if repeated time after time. The measurements are consistent with what was intended to be measured e. g. you must be certain that you really are measuring social isolation, social integration and not something else.