Notes from 2nd Test to Final

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Department
Undergraduate College
Course Code
UGC 111
Professor
Donald Mc Guire

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Notes Covering: November 11 – December 5 th Chapter 10: pg. 290-311, Chapter 9: pg. 260-288, Chapter 11: pg. 313-343 Roman Empire: 1) Government and Politics: a) A time of chaos and brute force b) 35 different rulers in succession, only one of which dies of natural causes 2) Economy and Collapse: a) Debased coinage i) People were hacking off pieces of money to melt down and make more money ii) “Making money from money” 3) Climate: a) Colder climates lead to failed crops 4) Trouble makers: a) Refuse passive submission to the roman gods b) Refuse to fight in the army c) Conduct their religion in private, where they “eat flesh” and “drink blood” Constantine: AD 311 1) Battle of the Milvian Bridge vs. Maxentius a) Maxentius was the last general left standing between Constantine and becoming emperor b) Before the battle, Constantine saw a symbol in his dream. c) “Chi-rho” mean “with this, conquer” i) He believed the Christian God helped him conquer (This story was told by a Christian Bishop, “Eusebius”, It could have been changed/exaggerated from its original form by him.) 2) Constantine offered insentives to become Christian a) Offered tax breaks for Christians b) Moves funding away from pagan temples, and gives it to Christians for building churches c) Church officials do not have to serve in the military 3) He moves the capitol of Rome to Byzantium, which he renames after himself, “Constantinople” in AD 325. 4) Caesaropapism – “Secular ruler”+”Pope”: a) He believed he had the right to rule Rome both religious and secularly b) He tried to end Christian fights, most notably in the Trinity. 5) The Holy Trinity: a) Arius believed God could not have all three aspects i) He taught the “one true monotheism” which lacked the holy trinity ii) His followers were called “Arian Heresy”, as they went against the church b) Constantine forms the council of Nicea, so priests could debate the issue. i) Much of the debate came from the translation of the word homousion or homus
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