INTS 1700 Study Guide - Comprehensive Midterm Guide: Complex Interdependence, General Agreement On Tariffs And Trade, Arab Spring

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INTS 1700
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Week I: Introduction to the Course and Overview
INTS 1700 Day 1 (1/6)
January 6, 2014: Introduction and Overview of IR Perspectives
No Required Reading Today
INTS 1700 Day 2 (1/8)
January 8, 2014: Levels of Analysis
Required Reading
Nau, Chapter 1, pp. 21-68
Optional: Read Nau pp. 1-20
Discussion Questions
What is a level of analysis? What levels of analysis do international relations
theorists use to study the international system? Which perspectives are most closely
associated with which levels of analysis? Important Concepts: see Nau pp. 20 & 67.
Level of analysis: begin to tell us a part of the cause of an event/issue/problem
o Global (system)
All players in the world and how they interact
States, UN, international organizations (anything
international)
Foreign Policy
Looking at interaction with others
Big part of domestic activity, so difficult to make a distinction
o Domestic (state)
What makes up the state
Go’t types/regie (ouist ot goig to iterat ell ith
democracy, etc.)
Power Transition Theory: when there is transition between
different powers, likelihood for war
Hegemon Stability Theory: one state so powerful it stabilizes
the rest because smaller states rely on powerful state to stop
issues
Internal analysis within the state itself
Regime, Economy, Culture, Lobbyist, Firms, Civil Society
o Will all effect how they decide to do foreign policy
o Individual
Ignored often because difficult to understand one single person
Everyone thinks differently, so difficult to categorize
Assume people act in certain ways in certain situations
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Self-Help (rationalism): first thought is that individuals needs are met,
and they will act rationally to benefit themselves first
All can be done at any level of analysis
- Can be impacted on all levels
1. Realist
o Connects with Global level
o Realism is about power at an international level
o Power (for states): all different elements within the state
# of people, military, goods and services, labor, land, resources,
access to resources
o Power Fungibility: ability to take one resource and turn it into another
Germany in WWII taking population, turning into military power
o All actions will be based on gaining:
Power, Fear, Glory (Self-Help)
o Defensive Realism
Most states in an anarchic system will want to maintain the current
balance of system because when regions are destabilized, that usually
leads to some kind of problem
All states will pursue a defensive posture just enough weapons to
protect themselves incase they are attacked, but not too many that it
will be offensive
Be sure they have allies that ensure their position band wagon with
the countries that have more power and will continue to be their
allies
o Offensive Realism
The great powers (ones that have enough capability to overwhelm
most countries in the system) will always seek to gain more power
normative or military power.
Just incase they ever get the idea that a country MIGHT want to go to
war or attack them, this way they will attack first
In it for the long run going to maintain power as long as possible
Usually results in destabilizing countries which then results in
change of power/war
2. Liberalist
o Focus on Domestic level
Concerned on other states impact on them
Ability for states to act peacefully
o Concerned with world institutions
o Domestic actors are important in states foreign policy
o Efficiency and effectiveness to lead government and actions with others
3. Constructivist
o Focus on identity of nation (individual level)
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