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Midterm

PSYC 1001 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Observational Learning, Cerebellum, Social Learning Theory


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 1001
Professor
Miller Pamela
Study Guide
Midterm

Page:
of 3
New brain – cerebral cortex: evolutionarily its uniquely human
Old brain – central core: similar to more primitive animals
Animal brain – emotions and self preservation
Limbic System (Animal Brain)
Hypothalamus
oBlood levels
Amygdala
oFear, aggression
Hippocampus
oEmotion
oAdaptive behaviors/surviving
Theory: a system of ideas that is used to describe, predict, explain, and control
mental processes & behavior from a certain point of view
Structuralism-WHAT
Wilhelm Wundt: father of scientific psychology
Building blocks of consciousness: Sensation & Feelings
Functionalism-WHY
Why do people feel/behave as they do
William James (survival of fittest/adaptation)
Psychoanalytic Theory (Psychodynamic)
Sigmund Freud
Most thoughts are unconscious
Behaviorism
Pavlov/Thorndike/Watson/Skinner
Goal: describe & control behavior
EX: I hit you, it hurts
Gestalt
Whole is more than the sum of its parts
Perceptual Laws (how do we put things together with our brain)
Cognitive Theory
Humans think (we are always thinking)
Neuroscience
How we function biologically
oNerve cells
oSkeletal structure
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find more resources at oneclass.com
Learning Theory:
Experience shapes behavior
Traditional Learning Theory / Behaviorism
Classical Conditioning (pairing)
oWatson – all about response
Academic achievement
oPavlov – meat and bell
Operant Conditioning (behavior strengthened if followed by reinforcement
or diminished)
oThorndike’s Law of Effect
Actions that lead to satisfying effects are likely to be repeated
oSkinner
Response is followed by a consequence
Reinforcement: increases likelihood of a response
Punishment: decreases likelihood of a response
Immediate
Consistent
Aversive
Avoidance learning: kids trying to avoid learning
Social Learning Theory
Observational Learning
oBandura
Cerebral Cortex
Frontal Lobe
oSpeech, reasoning, thinking, emotions, motor strip
Occipital Lobe
oAspects of vision
Parietal Lobe
oSpatial location
oAttention
oSensation
oSomatosensory strip
Temporal Lobe
oProcessing sound
oStoring new memories
oComprehending language
oVisual recognition
Central Core (Old Brain)
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find more resources at oneclass.com
Medulla
oBreathing & Beating of heart, walking and sleeping
Pons
oSleep, dreams, waking from sleep
Reticular Formation
oSleep, arousal, tells cerebral cortex to get ready – tells upper brain
something is coming
Thalamus
oRelay station for senses
oGets info and interprets it and forwards it to the correct place
Cerebellum
oBalance, coordination, posture
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com