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PSYC 1001 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Catatonia, Hypersomnia, Agoraphobia

Course Code
PSYC 1001
Miller Pamela
Study Guide

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Social Psychology
Attitudes, predicting behavior, relationships and mating preferences, social organization,
stereotypes prejudice and discrimination, helping and aggressive behavior, conformity
compliance and obedience
Stereotypes: Cognitive
Prejudice: Affective
Discrimination: behavioral-prejudice in action
Realistic Conflict Theory
Competition over valued resources leads to hostility
Predictions of RCT:
oMore stereotyping of out-group
oRelations with out-group increasingly hostile
oMore loyalty to in group
oBiased evaluation of in group’s performance relative to out-group
Robbers cave experiment
oPhase 1(1 week)- two groups in normal camp activities
oPhase 2-introduction of material conflict, introduce the two groups and have
oResults: there was stereotyping of the out-group, and loyalty to in-group, there was
hostility to in-group, overestimation of in-group’s performance
oPhase 3: attempts to reduce hostility-non-competitive contact ( 7 times),
superordinate goals (water supply, stuck truck)
Helping Behavior
-why we help and why we don’t
Social exchange Theory
oCost/benefit analysis (pros/cons)
oAltruism as “disguised self-interest” – good things for better image
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Batson’s Model=initial reaction to another person is either:
Self motivation
Escape situation
Help to reduce distress
Selfless motivation
Help them
Why we help:
oSocial norms – others do it
oReciprocity norm – help people who helped us
oSocial-responsibility norm – help those in need
Why we don’t help:
oKitty Genovese – attacked
oBystander effect – other people will do it
oLatane & Darley model – incident noticed and interpreted as emergency
Assume responsibility – help
Diffusion responsibility – someone else will
When will we assume responsibility?
oUnambiguous – we aren’t sure
oLeadership role
oCompetency – previous knowledge
oBeing self-aware
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Milgram (1969) – guy looking at window (80%)
Sherif (1936) – moving light in dark area (no answer)
oInformational influence – don’t know answer, look to others
oPrivate conformity – after effect of II ^
Asch (1951)-line judgment study (is an answer)
oPublic conformity – more often
oNormal influence – want to be normal
Influences on Public Conformity
oSize of group – bigger more likely
oPresence of dissenters (allies)
oEffects of “desertion “ by ally – ally conforms, subject does too
Submission to a direct, explicit request
Sequential request strategies=commitment based tactics
oFoot in the door – ask small, go bigger
oDoor in the face – ask big, go smaller
oThat’s not all folks=like door in the face but lower without them saying no
Who are we most likely to comply with?
oWith a friend, like someone, consistency (complied with before), scarcity,
reciporicty, social validation, authority, immediacy
Changes in behavior in response to a direct command
“following orders”
Most extreme form of social influence
Greatest social pressure
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