Study Guides (400,000)
US (230,000)
DU (100)
PSYC (10)
Midterm

PSYC 1001 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Catatonia, Hypersomnia, Agoraphobia


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 1001
Professor
Miller Pamela
Study Guide
Midterm

This preview shows pages 1-3. to view the full 20 pages of the document.
Social Psychology
Attitudes, predicting behavior, relationships and mating preferences, social organization,
stereotypes prejudice and discrimination, helping and aggressive behavior, conformity
compliance and obedience
Stereotypes: Cognitive
Prejudice: Affective
Discrimination: behavioral-prejudice in action
Realistic Conflict Theory
Competition over valued resources leads to hostility
Predictions of RCT:
oMore stereotyping of out-group
oRelations with out-group increasingly hostile
oMore loyalty to in group
oBiased evaluation of in group’s performance relative to out-group
Robbers cave experiment
oPhase 1(1 week)- two groups in normal camp activities
oPhase 2-introduction of material conflict, introduce the two groups and have
competition
oResults: there was stereotyping of the out-group, and loyalty to in-group, there was
hostility to in-group, overestimation of in-group’s performance
oPhase 3: attempts to reduce hostility-non-competitive contact ( 7 times),
superordinate goals (water supply, stuck truck)
Helping Behavior
-why we help and why we don’t
Social exchange Theory
oCost/benefit analysis (pros/cons)
oAltruism as “disguised self-interest” – good things for better image
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Batson’s Model=initial reaction to another person is either:
oDistress
Self motivation
Escape situation
Help to reduce distress
oEmpathetic
Selfless motivation
Help them
Why we help:
oSocial norms – others do it
oReciprocity norm – help people who helped us
oSocial-responsibility norm – help those in need
Why we don’t help:
oKitty Genovese – attacked
oBystander effect – other people will do it
oLatane & Darley model – incident noticed and interpreted as emergency
Assume responsibility – help
Diffusion responsibility – someone else will
When will we assume responsibility?
oUnambiguous – we aren’t sure
oLeadership role
oCompetency – previous knowledge
oModels
oBeing self-aware
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Conformity
Milgram (1969) – guy looking at window (80%)
Sherif (1936) – moving light in dark area (no answer)
oInformational influence – don’t know answer, look to others
oPrivate conformity – after effect of II ^
Asch (1951)-line judgment study (is an answer)
oPublic conformity – more often
oNormal influence – want to be normal
Influences on Public Conformity
oSize of group – bigger more likely
oPresence of dissenters (allies)
oEffects of “desertion “ by ally – ally conforms, subject does too
Compliance
Submission to a direct, explicit request
Sequential request strategies=commitment based tactics
oFoot in the door – ask small, go bigger
oDoor in the face – ask big, go smaller
oThat’s not all folks=like door in the face but lower without them saying no
Who are we most likely to comply with?
oWith a friend, like someone, consistency (complied with before), scarcity,
reciporicty, social validation, authority, immediacy
Obedience
Changes in behavior in response to a direct command
“following orders”
Most extreme form of social influence
Greatest social pressure
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version