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ANTH 260 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - Colonialism, Anthropology, Asia


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTH 260
Professor
Thurka Sangaramoorthy
Study Guide
Final

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ANTH 260

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Intro to Anthropology Notes
Cultural anthropology
- Study of living people and their cultures, including variation and change
What do anthropologists do?
- anthropologists are trained scientists working in variety of field and settings
- engage in interdisciplinary research
- conduct ethnography
o research method and product where the intent is to provide a detailed, in-depth
description of everyday life and practice
o often qualitative but sometimes uses mixed-methods
o written/visual description of the culture they were in
o work of discovering and describing a particular culture
o learning from people
What is anthropology?
- Study of knowledge of man
- Seeks to explain, conceptualize, and understand the variations among humans, socially,
culturally, between social systems and relationships
What does it mean to be human?
- Big debate on whether anthropology is the study of humanity or humanistic science
Holistic perspective:
- Approach that assumes any single aspect of culture is integrated within other aspects, so
no single part of culture can be understood on its own
Subfields in anthropology
- Archaeology (study of old)
o Study of human cultures through their material remains
Artifacts and features
o Prehistoric
Human past w no written records
o Historical
Human past and society w written records
o Underwater
Submerged sites
o Cultural resource management
- Biological or physical anthropology
o Diversity of human bodies in past or present
o Relating physical traits to natural environment
Paleoanthropology
Human evolution
Primatology
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Non-human primates
Forensics
Biological anthropology in criminal cases
- Linguistic
o Study of communication
Origins, history, contemporary variation and change
Historical
o How language changes over time
Descriptive
o How contemporary languages differ based on cultural
differences
Sociolinguistics
o Study of relationships, includes study of nonverbal
communication
- Cultural anthropology
o Study of contemporary people and their cultures
o Considers variations and similarities across cultures
o First lesson:
What may appear strange to you will appear normal to someone else
o Other subfields
Urban anthropology
Medical anthropology
Social, cultural, bio, linguistic aspect of health and well-being
Studying body and how it is interpreted in different cultures
Visual
Visual representation and how it varies
Environmental anthropology
Applied anthropology
Using anthropology to solve real life problems
Employable skills
- Communicating in a globalized world
- Avoiding preconceptions and recognizing varied perspectives
- Seeing the “big picture”
- Data work
- Working within and obtaining funding for structured budgets
Culture, Ethnography, and Representations
- Culture
o Beliefs and behaviors of a society
o Knowledge people use to generate and interpret social behavior
o Culture consists of abstract ides, values, and perceptions of the world that inform and
are reflected in people behaviors
- Answers questions
o How do we do things
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