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Study Guide

ARTH 200- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 96 pages long!)


Department
Art History & Archaeology
Course Code
ARTH 200
Professor
Egan
Study Guide
Final

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UMD
ARTH 200
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

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EARLY DYNASTIC (DYNASTY 0-2)
Royal burial method was the mastaba….changes to pyramids in the old kingdom. But
now Mastaba is the Elite burial structure for the Old Kingdom
Art:
Palette of King Narmer
-Hierakonpolis
-Dynasty 0/1
-3100 BC
Content/Form
o Sky Goddess Bat (tops)
o Name of King written in Serekh-predecessor to cartouche writing
by Bat
o King wearing white crown (Upper Egypt)
mace in hand (attribute)
o Wearing red crown of lower Egypt
o Smaller figure carrying sandals
o Horus (the falcon) carrying symbol of upper/lower egypt (papyrus)
o Low relief: carved in stone, not round
o Composite view of body, profile (legs and head) frontal (eye,
arms)
o Hierarchy of scale: Important figure, King Narmer, is much more
important than smaller figures
o Registers: horizontal bands
Context:
o Found in Hierakonpolis in a pit under the temple
Use:
o Palette to grind kohl used to put under the eyes for protection from
the sun
Meaning:
o King Narmer’s royal status, his strength (he is the bull attacking
the city)
o Unification of Upper and Lower Egypt
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o Divine kingship of king to preserve ma’at (harmony +balance/
order and chaos), as portrayed in the intertwined serpepard-the
men controlling the animals
o Large so no real use, gift from Narmer to Horus to protect the “eye
of Horus”
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