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ENSP 102 Study Guide - Final Guide: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, Water Conflict, Environmental Policy

Environmental Science and Policy
Course Code
ENSP 102
Study Guide

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1. Two reasons why it is important to conserve biodiversity?
a. Intrinsic value
b. food
c. Potential unknown (medicines/cures)
2. International treaty concerned with biodiversity?
a. CITES-regulates international trade of endangered species to prevent
extinction/combat wildlife trafficking
i. Sets up 3 appendices which designate the level of protection and rovides
a permitting system for import/export of species
b. Rhino horn, ivory, other wildlife trafficking examples
3. 2 state water law doctrines that are used to allocate water in the US
a. Riparianism in the East
i. Right to use water is tied to ownership of land next to a source of water
b. Prior appropriation in the West
i. If you were there first, you have the first right
4. Describe one specific example of water conflict and how it has been resolved or could
be resolved in the future
a. Klamath Basin: drought in west, conflict over water for farmers, fish, Native
b. ACF basin: fight between Florida and Georgia over water for ecosystems in
Florida v. water for Atlanta’s growing population
5. Suppose that the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission is deciding whether to allow a
company to build a pipeline through an environmentally sensitive area. The area
contains wetlands, species, and other important enviornmental benefits. Should an EIS
be required before this facility is allowed to be built?
a. Yes, if this is considered to be a major federal action significantly affecting the
quality of the human environment
b. Should include why environmental impact is significant or not significant
6. How would FERC decide if an EIS was required?
a. Can do an EA to decide if the project will have significant impacts
7. Suppose that FERC decided to issue an EIS. After the EIS is completed, is FERC
required to stop the project if the EIS demonstates there are going to be harmful effects
on the environment? Explain why or why not
a. No, NEPA does not require that FERC stop the project even if there are negative
environmental impacts. It only requires consideration of environmental impact
8. Provide one argument in support and one argument in opposition to the application of
NEPA to federal projects
a. In support: allows for public participation
b. Against: too much delay
Cross-Cutting Questions:
9. Describe a policy issue or problem for which the Obama and Trump administrations
have taken a different approach. Describe the problem and explain the specific policy
approahces of each administration and how they differ.
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