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FMSC 110 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - Malnutrition, United Nations, Socioeconomic Status


Department
Family Science
Course Code
FMSC 110
Professor
Maring
Study Guide
Final

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FMSC 110

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FMSC 110S (0101)
Family Science August 30, 2018
Dr Maring
Day Two: Focus on the Family
What is family?
Biology: heterosexual couples mate and produce offspring
Sociology
Traditionally: shared residence, economically interdependent, one or more
children (biological or adopted)
Today: separated families, not always economically interdependent, same
sex couples, couples with no children, unmarried individuals, single
parents
Family is a group of 2+ people who share a close bond as a result of an intimate history
and/or biology.
Types of Family
Nuclear: one or two adults living in an intimate relationship with biological or
adoptive children
Kinship/fictive kin: chosen family (ie. an aunt who is not blood related)
Extended family: people with a common lineage, combined nuclear families with
primary connection through parent/child relationships
Power & Authority
Patriarchies: authority held by eldest male; men hold greater power than women
Egalitarian society
Matriarchies: authority held by eldest female, even with matrilineal descent
power is held by men, daughters are expected to care for aging parents
Marriage
Formal ceremonies and established norms about marriage
Socially constructed rules of what defines marriage
Romantic/love marriage
Arranged marriage
Same sex marriage
Man/woman
Monogamy
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Serial monogamy (getting married, divorced, and remarried)
Polygamy
Descent
Bilineal: parentage through both mother and father’s sides
Patrilineal: woman marries into husband’s family and children becomes
members of father’s family
Dowry: wife’s family gifts husband’s family as a token of appreciation for
‘accepting’ bride into the new home/family
Bride price: husband’s family gifts wife’s family as a gesture to fill a void
that daughter has left her family
Matrilineal: lineage/inheritance through mother’s line
Functions of the Family
Procreation: children are born and raised
Variability in how babies are born
Socialization: process of learning who people are supposed to be in their
society/social group
Dependent upon race, class, gender
Gender stereotypes
Division of labor: specialized economic activity that people perform in society
Regulation of sexual behavior: premarital sex, postmarital sex
Keeping women “pure”
Care/economic provision of family members: resources and how they’re used
Families share this role with the government
Affectional/emotional needs: families are generally structured to provide
affection
Caretaker role varies by family
Status giving qualities of families: positions recognized by society
Ascribed status: status one is born with
Achieved status: status one can change based on ability and means for
mobility
Social mobility
Social Change: transformation of a society that alters the patterns of people’s
interactions
Unplanned/planned, revolutionary/evolutionary
Can occur on both a societal and cultural level
3 levels of social change in society (all 3 are required for change to occur)
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