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Study Guide

FMSC 431- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 79 pages long!)


Department
Family Science
Course Code
FMSC 431
Professor
Zeiger
Study Guide
Final

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UMD
FMSC 431
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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2/2 Tuesday
Stability of Family Organization
- Morphostasis: maintenance of/resistance to change in family interaction patterns
(homeostasis, feedback mechanisms to constrain change)
- Some stability is necessary for the family to carry out its functions in meeting members
needs
- Rigidity leads to failure to adapt to transitions/changes and exacerbate the stress that is
experienced
- Morphogenesis: family’s tendency to change its organization/ patters in order to
adapt to life stressors
o First-order change (temporary change to adapt to a stressor)
o Second-order change (lasting reorganization to family system; more fundamental)
Stressor vs. Crisis
- Stress: Minor; everyday part of life; change causes stress, and can then turn into a crisis if
you cannot manage it
- Crisis: can have significant, lasting damaged if not dealt with correctly
History of Crisis Intervention
- Began during WWII
o Coconut Grove Nightclub Fire
Used community care takers; no need for a license!
- Wellesly Project Gerald Caplan
o Originally focused on sudden bereavement and trauma surrounding birth during
post-WWII Baby Boom (infant death, premature babies, etc.)
o Early intervention (focusing right during the start of the crisis)
- Suicide Prevention movement in the 1960s
o Used non-professional volunteers
Contributions
- Psychoanalytic Theory
o Ego Strength (identify needs, find resources)
- Existential Theory
o Crisis as danger and opportunity (happier, hopeful spin_
- Humanistic
o Carl Rogers
o Person-centered
o Positive Regard
- Cognitive Behavioral Theory
- Family Systems
o Awareness of system maintenance/resistance to change
Effective Helpers
- What makes someone a good helper
- What characteristics are helpful/harmful
Burnout
- Causes
o Emotional tax of clients’ transference/resentment
o Limited Resources
o Bureaucracy (Paperwork)
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o Intense emotional arousal
o Equating effectiveness with client success
o Secondary/vicarious trauma
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