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Study Guide

HIST 134- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 26 pages long!)


Department
History
Course Code
HIST 134
Professor
Ross
Study Guide
Final

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UMD
HIST 134
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

1637 - puritan new england
No separation of power or church and state
Jamestown
Joint stock co
Shareholders want to get rich quick
First settlers are adventurous young men looking to get rich
Puritans
Religious dissenters that felt persecuted
Families go to Plymouth colony to start new world
Disgusted by excess and corruption of catholic and Anglican churches
Wanted to eliminate religious hierarchy
Destroyed stained glass, banned Christmas, wanted to get rid of bishops (appointed by king)
John Calvin
Predestination - already determined if you go to heaven or hell before you're born
Indulgences - pay church to forgive sins
Arminianism
Free will, anyone can achieve salvation
Jesus died for everyone, not just the elect
Opposed by puritans
Puritan beliefs
No one deserves salvation
Original sin
No one can fully obey G-d
G-d chooses a select few to save
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Must live simply, work hard, and resist temptation
Love the world w/ moderation, but G-d w/out
Drink but only a little
Sex but only when married to have kids
Conversion
Moment when puritans realize they have been chosen for salvation
Result not cause of salvation
Separatists
Leave Eglad / it’s too orrupt
Try Hollad ut leave / it’s too teptig
Go to colonies, paid by Plymouth co
Arrive on mayflower r and form Plymouth colony
Massachusetts Bay (1629-30)
Puritans, but not separatists
Believed the Anglican church could be reformed by example
Led by prosperous puritan lawyer, John Winthrop
"A model of Christian Charity" (1630)
Famous sermon written by Winthrop
Written on flagship Arabella as they crossed the ocean
"for we must consider that we shall be as a city upon a hill, the eyes of all people are upon us."
Creating a new Israel, G-d's Errand in the wilderness
Says that if they screw this up G-d is going to punish them
Christian commonwealth where laws and behaviors based on scripture
Can add any laws that don't conflict with British law
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