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Study Guide

KNES 293- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 81 pages long!)


Department
Kinesiology
Course Code
KNES 293
Professor
Michael Friedman
Study Guide
Final

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UMD
KNES 293
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Historiography
Louis Sockalexis
First Native American to play in Major League with the Cleveland Spiders in
1897
o Had substantive potential
o Sportswriters started calling team the Indians
o Injuries and alcoholism (fueled by racist taunting led to decline and
his releases in 1899
Cleveland Indians
In 1901, Cleveland received a team in the new American League
o Nicknamed the Naps after star B Napoleon Lajoie
o Lajoie traded in 1914, which necessitated a new name for 1915
Team President convenes meeting with writers from 4 newspapers to choose
name
o Select Indians but state choice was temporary
Native American movement sued the Cleveland Indians for their name and
logo
Topic 1: Knowledge, Power, & Historical Practice
HISTORY
Churchill: writer of history
o Born into an aristocratic family, Churchill was educated to become a
national leader
Prominent politician from 1900-1964
First Lord of the Admiralty at the start of WWI
Prime minister during WWII
Churchill: History Writer
o Churchill’s main source of income came from writing as he published
more than 40 books and thousands of newspaper articles
o Nobel prize in Literature in 1953
o History is written by the victors
History is neither fact nor objective knowledge
o History is:
A subjective discipline
Highly politicized
Bound with power relations
History isn’t an accurate depiction of what happened in the past
o Stories about the past told from contemporary points of view and
speak to contemporary concerns
Miracle and Cold war
o Hockey underdog against really good Soviet team
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o Released in 2005, Iraq against Taliban
Miracle and Post 9-11 America
o Movie can be related to context of 9/11
History as a Contested Terrain
o Way in which different groups tell stories about the past as they
struggle to define and redefine the meanings of the past, social
constructs, and cultural practices
o Who controls the future, Who controls the present controls the past
Collective Memory
o Different groups tell and retell stories about the past
o The ability to influence an shape collective memory is a source of
considerable social power
Liberty Valence Effect
o When the legend becomes fact, print the legend
Louis Sockalexis: Cleveland Indian
o Historical Facts
Native American
Played for Cleveland team
Had talent
Nicknamed team Indians because of him
o History but not facts
Team was called Indians In 94 to honor him
Invented Traditions
Amateurism
o Ancient Greece as the model for the development of sport
o Greeks participated in sport for its own sake
Amateurism: An Invented Tradition
PART 2: The Sports History Marketplace
The Sports History Market place
3 different groups producing historical stories for the public
o Academic historians
o Public historians
o Commercial interests
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