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Midterm

LING 240 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Transformational Grammar, Noam Chomsky, Sarcasm


Department
Linguistics
Course Code
LING 240
Professor
Margaret Antonisse
Study Guide
Midterm

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LING240-Study Guide for Exam 1
Dr. Peggy Antonisse- Senior lecturer
Anton Marcov-TA
What is Linguistics?
Linguistics is the study of human language as a cognitive science
Human nature
What is the nature of the human mind?
Nature vs. Nurture
Pre-wired vs. acquired
Is there some sort of balance?
Why do we have language?
1. It’s universal
2. Distinguishing feature that separates humans from other animals
Noam Chomsky-Syntactic Structures(1957)-introduced the idea of transformational generative
grammar
How are humans designed to process language?
Think of languages as the product of human brains
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Questions
1. What is it that we know when we know a language?
2. How do children get language (nature vs nurture)
Nature of mental grammar
This is your mental grammar
Arguments for innate knowledge
Creativity (or expressive variety) of language use implies a set of unconscious
grammatical principles or rules.
Children may have genetic disposition for language.
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