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PSYC 100 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Guide: Social Desirability Bias, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Systematic Desensitization


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 100
Professor
Ryan Curtis
Study Guide
Final

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UMD
PSYC 100
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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States of Consciousness
Basic and Social Emotions
6 Basic Emotions
Anger
Disgust
Fear
Joy
Sadness
Surprise
Micro Expressions & Lie Detections
Self Awareness & Theory of Mind
18 months until self awareness
Shopping cart test
Mirror test
I put a ball in the box, when i leave the room nicole put the ball in the basket
Theory of mind: Nicole thinks that I will look for the ball in the box
No Theory of mind: Nicole thinks I will look for the ball in the basket
If you can willingly trick someone else, you must have a theory of mind
4 Moral (Social) Emotions
Guilt
Shame
Embarrassment
Pride
All about judgement
Emotion= Arousal x Valence
Can have Low/High arousal and Positive/Negative Valence.
Schachter & Singer
1. Feels arousal- heart beats fast, etc.
2. Interprets arousal
Misattribution of Arousal
-Running example
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Recognition vs Recall
Penny Example
multiple choice vs short answer questions?
Draw a penny=short answer
when is recognition easier?
which is the penny: compare penny to nickel
When is recall easier?
crime: line up people that match the description of a suspect in a crime.
Which one did it?
Memory is flawed and malleable
Wade et al, (2002) Fake childhood memories
dont have to memorize name of studies
“based on the study, wade et al, 2002, about memory….”
Showed 18-28 year olds fake photographs of childhood experience.
50% remembered the experience when none of them had existed.
Loftus & Palmer (1974)
“About how fast were the cars going when then (hit, or smashed) each other?”
“Did you see any broken glass?” (there was none)
“hit” 14%
“Smashed” 32%
depending on which prompted different responses for how fast the
car was going in their memory
Which memory system contains memories of events in your life? Episodic
Memory Systems:
Procedural: How you do things ex. how to do CPR
Declarative:
Episodic - episodes, times in your life when things occur ex. episodic memory
about CPR: a memory of you giving CPR
Semantic - discrete facts ex. What CPR stands for
Method of Loci:
Need to remember a sequence?
Map each item onto a step in a known path with a vivid sensory elaborations
Example: Stamp to BPSY & VPs
1. John AdamsStamp : Postal STAMPS with John Adams on it
2. Thomas Jefferson Bus Stops: Take a bus to Jefferson Avenue
3. Aaron Burr Steps : Going down the steps its cold… burr
4. George Clinton Trees: Clinton’s near the bushes
5. Gerry Stairs: The “stairies” go with gerry.
6. Tompkins BioPsych Building: Tom walks in to the Bio Psych building.
Why would this technique help encoding, storage, and retrieval?
Goes to your spacial memory
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