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PSYC 100 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - Psych, Memory, Psychology


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 100
Professor
Dylan Selterman
Study Guide
Final

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PSYC 100

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9/10
how do we know things?
hypothesis, testing
repeated exposure
authority
Intuition- can sometimes be correct but not always
example of this meditation- but intuition had concluded years before that mental illness was a
haunting by a demon- so we need science to confirm intuition
hindsight bias
two equally plausible explanations given and people will not share a preference for one until
they see what they have supporting evidence
who was the first psychologist?
ancient thinkers
plato, Aristotle
descartes locke, hume
religious leaser( buddah)
but theses aren't scientists they just thought about the mind
experimentalists (1800s,1900s)
study of psych only took shape in the past a 200 years
schools of though-
-structuralism- introspection, through direct personal experience- early studies done through
this method
functionalism- aspects of particular parts of the mind, serving different function and roles
psychodynamic- unconscious processes- not in touch with but of course have a well being on
our well being or even behavior
behaviorism— attention to only observable behavior, and learning processes- conditioning
cognitive/neuro- view mind as a processors like a computer; biological basses of behavior, mind
is actively making computations based on..
socio-cultural- power of situations and environmental forces that impact our behavior- time of
day, lang, weather
big questions
nature vs nurture
how much we can explain about behavior based off whats inmate and what is acquired through
life experience
free will vs determinism
if we have control of outcomes
conscious vs implicit
how much of our mind is under conscious awareness and who much is automatic and
subconscious
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level of analysis
lower- biological - eg- genetic predictors of alcoholism
middle- interpersonal
eg- peer pressure to drink
upper- cultural
eg prevalence, legal status, advertising
societal level variables
evolutionary psychology
applied evolutionary biology
natural selection-passing forth of genes if they are adaptive, sexual- what will be selected int he
process of mating and artificial selection- as humans creating variations of vegetables through
manipulation
reproductive fitness, adaption
thoughts and behavior can be adopted
how do we study this?
fossil record
cross cultural similarities
-hunter gatherer
animal behavior
what makes us human? what is the difference between humans and animals?
-sophisticated communication and language
-extreme empathy
-extended immaturity - development- infancy to when one reaches biological and psychical
maturity - longer than any other species that we are aware of- progression happens after birth-
why we have such complex social relationships
leanring bias-
mind a has template not a blank state- mind orients you to pay to attention to issues most
important at the moment-
-guides learning and relationship
-contrast to fixed action patterns of species- the first thing an animal sees they imprint- but we
have ability to adapt and reorient ourselves when appropriate, like -flexibility to different social
environments- our behavior can adapt based on this environment
learning theory= conditioning= behaviorism
classical conditioning-
stimlus paring- generating an automatic response
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