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Study Guide

PSYC 300- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 56 pages long!)


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 300
Professor
Charles Stagnor
Study Guide
Final

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UMD
PSYC 300
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

2/1/17
Introduction to Research
Scientific method attempts to differentiate facts from values
o Facts results, methods
o Values introduction, discussion
Types of research
o Approach: basic vs. applied
o Orientation: quantitative vs. qualitative
o Research designs: descriptive, correlational, experimental; converging operations
2/6/17
Research Ethics
Professional Ethics
o Appropriate use of materials, proper citations (no direct quotes) cannot
copy/paste from textbook even if you cite it
o Following directions if its not a group project, work alone
o Use common sense, ask questions if unsure
Research ethics
o Involved in all science
o Involves values, not facts
o Cost vs. benefits
o Human participants or animal research
Goals
1. Avoid physical/psychological harm
2. Provide freedom of choice
3. Maintain awareness of power differentials
4. Honestly describe the research
Procedures
o Institutional Review Board (IRB) decision of values
o Informed consent
o Debriefing
2/13/17
Measurement
Conceptual variable, measured variable (measure)
Operational definition
o Specific description
o Multiple possibilities
o Converging operations
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Scaling how conceptual variable relates to measured variable
o Ratio
o Interval
o Ordinal
o Nominal
Self-report measures
o Guttman scale measures behavior, but is a self-report measure
o If you check off one item, it is implied youd check off the items that precede it
Advantages
Disadvantages
Example
Free-Format Self-
Report
Can get more data
and individualized
interpretations
Cant operationalize
variable
Rorschach inkblots,
TAT
Fixed-Format Self-
Report
Consistent, can be
quantified for
analysis
Cooperative
responding,
acquiescent responses
Likert scale
Issues with Self-Report: Reactivity
o People change their responses when they know theyre part of an experiment
o Cooperative responding doing what they think the researcher wants them to do
o Response acquiescence (solution: reverse scoring/wording)
o Self-promotion
Improving your scale
o Reverse scoring/wording
o Disguising your measures
o Pilot testing your items
o Engage interest of respondent
o Assess behaviors
Behavioral Measures less reactivity, but often more difficult to measure or carry out
o Frequency
o Duration
o Intensity
o Latency
o Speed
o Distance
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