Study Guides (238,613)
United States (119,856)
Sociology (15)
SOCY 105 (5)

SOCY105 Exam Review- Article and Film Summaries.docx

10 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Maryland
SOCY 105
Beverly Pratt

Articles: • Main & significant points from all articles, including: Using Sociological Imagination - “The Promise” from The Sociological Imagination by C. Wright Mills Sociological Imagination (C Wright Mills)- “a quality of mind that will help us use information and to develop reason in order to achieve lucid summations of what is going on in the world and of what may be happening w/in ourselves” - “About the Editors” & “About the Contributors” Margaret LAnderson- Black American studies and women’s studies, Sociology Professor at University of Delaware • Awarded for expanding sociology to study of women, past VP of American sociological association Patricia Hill Collins- prof at UMD CP, 100 president of ASA - Why Race, Class, & Gender Still Matter by Anderson & Collins -Remain foundations for systems of power and inequality, most significant social facts -All social groups located in system of power relationship in which social location shapes what you know and others know about you O People in powerful positions w/ clear access to power and education had social construction of reality and knowledge - Be self- reflected to know what own biases are, be less critical - Additive Approach- comparing and adding people’s identities and how related to other people - Diversity Approach- thinking others who are different from the norm - Multicultural Approach- celebrating different cultures and races - Missing People & Others: Joining Together to Expand the Circle by Madrid - Went for presidential interview at university, told was very one dimensional - If not let into front door (of church) go from the back, side or windows - Always felt like a minority in the US, especially in school - Toward a New Vision by Collins - we should recognize that our differing experiences w/ oppression creates problems in the relationships among us - Through this recognition, need to build coalitions among common causes. - Must build empathy to do so - Oppression by Frye - created metaphor that America is a bird cage b/c as a bird in cage that wants to get free only see one wire at a time, knock one wire down realize it’s connected to other wires so feel oppressed b/c is a complex web o From the outside, must empathize to understand what bird is feeling o Focus on gender - White Privilege: Unpacking the InvisibleKnapsack by McIntosh - Knapsack was metaphor for white privilege - Contained “unearned privileges” - Men don’t understand they do have privileges and in women studies, being white she experienced some too compared to black people A Different Mirror by Takaki - Where you’ve been is a reflection to where you are now Label Us Angry by Torres - Stereotype that people of color are always angry - Carlos’birthday and someone cut him off and maces him, angry then racially framing them Systems of Power & Inequality by Anderson & Collins - Race, class and gender built into structure of society and are not individual characteristics = intersectional systems of inequality - Operate in a matrix of domination in which engage in other social facts (ethnicity, sexuality, age disability, etc) CLASS & CLASSISM Shadowy Lines That Still Divide by Scott &Leonhardt - The existence of a class system in America o It still exists; those with power just choose to ignore it o Limited options for those stuck in poverty o It’s easier for those who already have money to make more money; yet virtually impossible for poor people to change their conditions • Motivational factors for impoverished people o Education as a gateway to success; it motivates the poor to succeed; but there are obvious financial barriers to higher/continuing education (college, etc.) • Relating text to 30 Days o Intersectionality of race, class, etc.; though the movie emphasized class, there are a lot of other factors that it didn’t account for (class is not only the amount of money you make); there were other “invisible factors” which affected their conditions/situations Is Capitalism Gendered & Racialized? by Acker - Yes, capitalism is gendered and racialized - Organized in ways to place older, rich white males in control - Encompasses masculinity in white males, Ageism in older men usually • Due to spread of capitalism, anyone who was not a capitalist was segregated • It would take just as long to create change as it did to create this “norm” • Highest position a woman has held is secondary as society’s view of a woman is as a weak and subordinate gender - Women are stuck in middle class  easier to move down than up • The system is made to reject change Health & Wealth by Jacobs & Morone • Your wealth contributes to your health o The more wealth you have, including income and assets, the more healthier you are o One with a lot of wealth would be able to provide a good diet, free time to exercise, affordable health insurance • Wealthier jobs provide health care and benefits that working class jobs don’t provide • Being able to afford seeing a doctor prevents future diseases • People die younger in Harlem than in Bangladesh • Males who live in Washington, DC have a life expectancy of 40 years lower than a woman born in a wealthy neighborhood • Poor areas are more susceptible to crime, violence, and drugs, which are all factors that can decrease one’s health • Medical costs are rising faster than incomes, Healthcare is getting harder and harder to afford; the difficulty is even expanding beyond the working class Sub‐Prime as a Black Catastrophe by Oliver/Shapiro • Black folks have disproportional sub‐prime mortgages and most owe much larger amount of money to lenders than white people do with regular (non‐subprime) mortgages • Much of what they’re paying off is interest (not the actual loan) • Because of the lack of safety nets, asset inequality has grown in the past several years, even with the passing of the Civil Rights Act *Lifting as We Climb Social Security benefits are lower for those who make less money • Poverty and wealth gap limit future prospects for women of color • People of color and women: • More likely to work in service occupations • Rely on Social Security (even though it has less benefits) • Victims of high cost loans • Share with family and community • Don’t trust banks b/c of distrustful banks in own communities and/or countries of origin • We should give women of color more opportunities b/c they have skillsets that only they can offer • A cyclical process! *Why is There Poverty? by Johnson The metaphor of the “race” • Those who run the fastest (top percent) get the majority of the income, while the rest is divided among the losers • Individualistic approach Social programs either • Train “impoverished” to “run faster” – doesn’t get rid of poverty • Alleviate burdens of the poor – compensation; not a solution Murry – wanted to do away with all programs b/c he thought it would force people to “run faster” • Sociological approach • Do away with “race” metaphor all together • There will always be someone in “last place” unless the whole system is replaced • Statistics • With “the race,” there will always be a bottom fifth • Numbers should be more evenly distributed among “runners” • Should the basic necessities of life be determined through competition? *Seeing in 3D by Anderson • Seeing poverty as 3D – looking beyond just race, also at class, gender, etc. o Like as a 3D image or movie o Looking at race, class, and gender as interacting elements when analyzing poverty o Example: single parents All of these influence job opportunities • Economic downturn affecting women and African Americans the most strongly • African American women are affected by both factors; it doesn’t make sense to only view independently • Traditional images of working class as white males not accurate • Women doing less‐physical work, especially women of color, are an important and often overlooked sector of lower class • Unemployment rising among women • Fewer job opportunities for women linked to growing unemployment rates among Women Welfare Reform, Family Hardship, & Women of Color by Burnham - ‘96 US welfare reform bill: the Personal Responsibility & Work Opportunities ReconciliationAct - Particularly those negatively affected are women, women of color, children, immigrants - Incompatible with human rights set by United Nations - Hardships people experience in poverty: o Not being able to pay for utilities (gas, electricity), housing insecurity and homelessness, food hunger, divorce and separation, emotional, mental and physical health issues, food stamps don’t always cover the needs The Invisible Poor by Newman - Working poor= working at or below minimum wage o Shows that the minimum wage is not enough o Quality of job, standard of living, etc influences poorness - Part of nation’s working poor: single parents, low educated, minorities, young people (age, family status, education, race) - Looks at Harlem since 1999- high unemployment, min wage increase, deficit has exacerbated (sub- prime mortgages, Sept 11, War in Iraq cause), more expensive to live in Harlem RACE & RACISM *The First Americans: American Indians by Snipp “Is This a White Country, or What” by Rubin • Talked about how not only White folks but Black folks, too, fear immigrant groups; fear of losing jobs to immigrant groups • One White women wondered why Irish history (which she identified with) wasn’t taught in school even though Black history was; Rubin states that this is because everything we learn about outside of Black history is focused on White folks • Newer immigrant groups (Asian groups, for example) transfer better into the upper class sphere while older generations among certain groups have a harder time doing so • When the economy starts to go down, anti‐immigration mentalities go up • Immigrants will settle for lower paying work than American citizens, so immigrants are more likely to take/get the jobs Optional Ethnicities by Waters • Racial minorities do not have the option of ethnicity without the costs, unlike White folks (symbolic ethnicity = ethnicity without costs) • White folks have the choice of choosing their background of being Irish or Italian, etc. without being discriminated against • Therefore, White Americans have the option of choosing any ethnicity to identify with while other racial minorities do not • The issue of being asked “What are you?” because of your ancestry even though you may be 100% American o Lack of understanding of other’s backgrounds causes divisions in society (not all ethnicities are equal) What White Supremacists Taught a Jewish Scholar About Identity by Ferber • race is a social construction • Jewish folks used to be predominately discriminated against as a racial group, but many are now conserved – or consider selves – to be White; identify as White in many cases o White supremacists saw Jewish folks as a threat to racial purity o Considered non‐White and a race that was “impure” o Jewish folks posed an “ultimate threat” to racial boundaries *Raci
More Less

Related notes for SOCY 105

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.