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Final

SOCY105 Final Review.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCY 105
Professor
Beverly Pratt
Semester
Fall

Description
- The Structure of Social Institutions (Anderson, Collins) - Social Institutions [societal patterns of behavior w/ purpose] are sources of support and repression o Economy, family, media, education, the state - Most jobs not exported are low wage or ones require high education, economy based on service industry - suggest importance of thinking about people of colour, different class experiences, and women, in analyzing all social institutions - Lies My Teacher Told Me: Everything Your American History Textbook Got Wrong (Loewen) - criticizes modern American history textbooks for containing inaccurate depictions of historical figures and events such as Christopher Columbus, the lies and inaccuracies in the history books regarding the dealings between the Europeans and the Native Americans, and their often deceptive and inaccurate teachings told about America's commerce in slavery. - Elevate American historical figures to status of heroes and leaves impression on students - Mutes past clashes and tragedies, and avoid controversy - Historic Reversals, Accelerating Resegregation, & the Need for New Intergration Strategies by (Orfield & Lee) - Supreme court struck down voluntary desegregation plans o Students may not be assigned/ denied school assignment on basis of race even if intent is to integrate schools - This report examines increases in resegregation in American schools, following the Supreme Court's decision that most voluntary desegregation plans are unconstitutional. As educational leaders and citizens across the country try to learn what they can do, and decide what they will do, the importance of knowing how the nation’s schools are changing and what the options are that schools should now consider is growing. - “I Hate It When People Treat Me Like a Fxxx‐up”: Phone Theories, Segregated Schools, & the Culture of Aspiration among African American & Latino Teenagers (Theoharis) - Believe that urban students are antischool, but are very concerned about their education and the hard work they need to put in to get rewarded - Teachers, counselors and adults do not believe they are capable of success - Hard to care about school when it doesn’t care about them - Across the Great Divide: Crossing Classes & Clashing Cultures (Jensen) - Opposing worldviews (women’s independence, value of education, change of perspective) create cognitive dissonance which is an inner clashing of values/ experiences that creates emotional confusion - Crossover challenge- exclude working class from opportunities, privileges, and own inner lives o Unacknowledged by middle class b/c already believe are normal, but could manifest into personal problems - Shelly wants to pursue intellectual ability while keeping working class roots - Working class more here and now, downplay individuality, ethnic traditions - How a Scholarship Girl Becomes a Soldier: The Militarization of Latina/o Youth in Chicago Public Schools (Perez) - Latin youth targeted to prevent joining gangs or doing drugs, and women at risk of being unwed teenage mothers - b/c of poorer background, Latin youth join military service b/c guarantee employment and economic stability (financial incentive) - students feel they are treated w/ respect, but promises not always kept o not paid full amount, didn’t pass GED b/c of physical exhaustion from excessive exercising, felt brainwash b/c of training, and fear of gang members in program - enter military to avoid troubled households - young women participate in JROTC b/c of informed social and economic benefits - Race, Poverty, & Disability: Three Strikes & You’re Out! Or Are You? (Block, Balcazar) - People of color, in poverty and with a disability (Triple jeopardy) o Historically seen as non- human or experienced extreme social stigmas - “Culture of poverty” adage is a form of “blaming the victim” o Blaming the culture replaced biological rationales (use culture to explain social Darwinism) - What may be one groups deficit may be another groups advantage o People of color, in poverty and w/ disability have great strengths - Disability rights activists emphasize overcoming social barriers instead of focusing on individual pathology - Solutions proposed? o Education, organizing a sense of community, pride in identity o Elimination of unequal power relations and re- distribution of wealth and income - Just Choices: Women of Color, Reproductive Health, & Human Rights (Ross, Brownlee & SisterSong Women of Color Health Project) - Poverty, racism, sexism, homophobia and injustice prevent women, especially those of color, from controlling what happens to their bodies o Interferes w/ ability to acquire services, reproductive health info, Reproductive Tract Infection (RTI) information - While many agencies and organizations exist, very little meet the INTERSECTIONAL needs of women of color (status, classes, sexual orientation) - What do the authors say about: o Native American/ indigenous women, Asian Pacific, Latina, Black o Fear of racism from men and upper class women, judge, health care system - HUMAN RIGHTS issue - “Mike’s Story” from Crazy (Earley) - Pete Early used sociological imagination- put experiences w/ mentally ill son and put in context of society’s past treatment w/ mentally ill o Son had to put himself in hospital or if he physically caused harm to other or himself (jail) because older than 18  He broke into somebody’s house, got care, but prisoner’s care was very poor - Not all people who exhibit mental illness commit crimes - Policing the National Body: Sex, Race, & Criminalization (Silliman) - Aggressive law enforcement is devastating women of color and their communities. Yet the mainstream reproductive rights movement, largely dominated by white women and consumed with protecting the right to abortion, has failed to respond adequately to the policing, criminalization, and incarceration of large numbers of poor people and people of color. - difficulty of maintaining families and sustaining community in face of increasing criminalization - to protect reproductive rights, challenged coercive population policies, demanded access to safe and accessible birth control and asserted their right to economic and political resources to maintain healthy children. - examine the experiences of women prisoners, women with AIDS in correctional facilities, women in systems of prostitution, immigrant women, women of color, and young women with a keen awareness of their multiple identities and oppressions. - The Color of Justice (Alexande) - majority of illegal drug users/ dealers nationwide are white but 80-90% of all drug offenders sent to prison are Africa Americans - white youth are significantly more likely to use/ sell drugs than black youth - most illegal drug use does not mostly happen in ghetto, drug trafficking occurs there but everywhere else as well - from surveys, majorities of whites in 1980s supported antidiscrimination principles, shift in racial attitude - violent crime rates are low but incarceration rates continue to climb - prison boom b/c of drug offenses not violent crimes - How Safe is America? (Taylor) - Compare 9/11 with class wars- people claim don’t feel safe anymore - America built on exploitation of poor - addresses hate crimes in reference to gender, women forced into subservient roles - no prosecution rate for hate crimes against women in several communities - Shadows in existing civil rights framework, but all women should be making gains towards full human dignity and human rights - Rape, Racism, & the Law (Wriggins) - Intersections of race and gender in context of race and how legal system’s acknowledgment of rape has targeted African American men for punishment and made AA women vulnerable w/o any redress - Juries used to infer (during slavery time) that based on race if accused was black and victim white then accused intended to rape o Racially motivated prosecutions - Failure to acknowledge rape of AA women from assuming promiscuity - Work against rape must deal with racism, differences among women and ways women are disempowered, go beyond focus of illegal rape to other forms of coerced sex - Interpreting & Experiencing Anti‐Queer Violence: Race, Class, & Gender Differences among LGBT Hate Crime Victims (Meyer) - Interview vitims who experience hate crimes because of sexuality o Recount what p
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