MIDTERM QUESTION POOL 10/03/2012
1.What is sociological imagination? How does the sociological imagination help
us understand social problems?
Q: What is the sociological imagination/mindfulness?
A: Taking a larger view of things. Not blaming individuals
Seeing the social, economic, & historical circumstances that produce a problem.
1)It helps you realize that everybody is intertwined with one another and gives you sociological imagination.
It helps society because it causes people inside the society to be conscientious of one another.
2)You see how these social problems happen. Often times outside of their individual realm.
Q: Why is there a need for sociological imagination/ mindfulness?
Individuals aren’t always to blame for their social situations .
Our lives are intertwined so we should consider how our actions have an effect on others.
2.Using Frye (“oppression”), explain the two features of oppression. What is the
birdcage metaphor and how does it relate to the second feature of oppression?
****Frye’s Features of Oppression***
Double Bind situations in which options are reduced to a very few and all of them expose one to penalty,
censure or deprivation. (page 30)
Ex: Women & Rape. Too promiscuous or not promiscuous enough. Always woman’s fault.
Systematically Related Forces birdcage metaphor (page 31)
related to each other in such a way as to catch one between and among them and restrict or penalize
motion in any direction.
no one of which would be the least hindrance to its flight, but which, by their relations to each other, are as
confining as the solid walls of a dungeon.
Like the wires of a birdcage, oppression creates systematically related barriers that restrict options.
Birdcage metaphor: Like the wires of a birdcage, oppression creates systematically related barriers that
restrict options. The birdcage lets us see how one wire connects to
The birdcage is the visualization of systematically related forces. One wire (small factor) sticks to another
3.What is intersectionality? How does intersectionality contribute to our
understanding of privilege and oppression? Intersectionality: Examination of social positions (such as race, class, gender, national origin, sexuality,
ability status, religion, etc.) and how combination plays out in various settings.
IS simultaneous and interlocking, recognition of differences
ISNT additive, dichotomous, ranking, universal claim that ignore differences.
It shows that we are all oppressed and in privileged groups. The amount of oppression or privileged that we
experience depends on the other social positions in which we take part of as well. And are intertwined with
Ex: white middle class male but gay.
Ex: black upper class woman. Black minority but have upper class privilege.
4. All systems of privilege, are dominated by, identified with, and centered on
privileged groups. This means the US is dominated by, identified with, and
centered on the middle and upper classes.
Explain what each of these characteristics mean and provide one example for
each as it relates to class privilege. Some of these examples can be found in
Langston (tired of monopoly)
Go back to when we did lecture of p and oppression. Regardless of whether we are talking about any type
of privilege… the groups stay the same. Dominated, center, identified.
What is Privilege?
1. Advantages or benefits afforded to certain people based on theigroup identity or status.
1. Privilege/Oppression= 2 sides of same coin.
2. One can be simultaneously privileged and oppressed.
2. 3 Characteristics of systems of privilege
1. Dominated by privileged groups
1. Positions of power tend to be occupied by members of privileged groups.
2. Identified with privileged groups
1. Privileged groups are the standard for comparison. Cultural ideas about what is
good or normal are associated with privileged groups.
2. Language (congressmen, you guys)
3. Centered on privileged groups
1. The focus of attention is on privilege groups and t