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Study Guide

[BIL 150] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (60 pages long)


Department
Biology
Course Code
BIL 150
Professor
Michael Gaines
Study Guide
Final

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UM
BIL 150
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Chapter 1
1. Biology
a. The scientific study of life
2. Biosphere
a. Can see signs of all life on earth
3. Ecosystems
a. Consists of all components of the environment with which life interacts
4. Communities
a. The array of organisms inhabiting a particular ecosystem
5. Population
a. Consists of all the individuals of a species living with the bounds of a specified area
i. Therefore a community is the set of populations that inhabit a particular area
6. Organisms
a. Individual, living systems
i. Organ a body part that carries out a particular function in the body
ii. Consists of multiple tissues
b. Organ systems
i. A team of organs that cooperate in a larger function
7. Tissues
a. Group of cells that work together a performer a specialized function
8. Cells
a. Fundamental unit of structure and function
9. Organelles
a. Chloroplasts
b. The various functional components taken by a powerful microscope in cells
10. Molecules
a. Chemical structure consisting of two or more atoms
11. Reductionism
a. Reduces complex systems to simpler components that are more manageable to study
12. Emergent Properties
a. Can’t see all on the reductionist level
b. Due to the arrangement and interaction of parts as complexity increases
c. A reductionist approach to biology causes a lack of a number of significant properties
the merge at higher levels of organization
d. Emergent properties are not unique to life
13. Systems biology
a. Approach that attempts to model the dynamic behavior of a whole biological system
14. Structure and Function
a. Form follow function
15. Three Domains
a. Bacteria
b. Archaea
c. Eukaryote
16. Hypothesis
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a. Causal explanation
17. Hypothetico- Deductive Reasoning
a. Observation
b. Question
i. induction
c. Hypothesis
i. Deduction
d. Experiment
i. If it is successful, make additional predictions
ii. If it is not successful, revise hypothesis or write a new one
18. Symbiosis
a. A relationship when two or more species live in direct contact
b. Mutualism, commensalim, paratism
c. A symbiotic relation between species can change due to the conditions in the local
environment
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