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BIL 360 Midterm: ch 16

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BIL 360
Dubois Adrienne

Concepts: • Compare and contrast the control systems of the nervous system and endocrine system. • What is a hormone? What criteria distinguish hormones from other chemical messengers? • Know the three major classes of hormones and their basic chemical properties. Know how these are synthesized, stored, and released (see table 16.1 in your text) • What is a hormone’s half-life? What factors into the half-life, and why does it matter? • Know the types of endocrine glands (discrete, diffuse, intermediate) and cells (epithelial, neurosecretory). Know how the latter are controlled. • You are responsible for understanding the general function and location of the following hormones discussed in class. For a quick summary of each without digging through the text, see Appendix K in your book. Hypothalamus: corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) Posterior pituitary: vasopressin/anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) Anterior pituitary: adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) Adrenal cortex: cortisol, corticosterone Islets of Langerhans, pancreas: insulin, glucagon • Understand the anatomy and function of the anterior and posterior pituitary, and their relationship to the hypothalamus. • What types of hormones are secreted by the adrenal gland? Where is it located in the body? What are the general physiological effects of hormones secreted by the adrenal gland? • Understand mechanisms of hormonal modulation (negative feedback, synergism, permissiveness, antagonism) and how these influence endocrine glands and other target tissues. • Describe the HPA axis. Include the influence of neural co
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