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PSY 110 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Classical Conditioning, B. F. Skinner, Learning

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PSY 110
Study Guide

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PSY110: Test #2 Study Sheet
6 Kinds of Learning:
1. Habitual/Sensitization
a. Habituation- Creating habits based on simulation in your environment.
Animals stop responding to the stimuli that is no longer important to
you (Getting used to the same thing). An example of habituation is
when a dog gets used to a bell ringing and knows it means that it is
time to eat.
b. Sensitizing- Your reaction will be stronger to a stimulus (phobia)
depending upon the outcome
2. Classical Conditioning (Pavlov) = Associative learning
a. Digestion of dogs (salivation)
b. If a dog saw food or the man that fed him would salivate (associate
man with food) Pavlovian Conditioning
c. Conditioned Stimulus- association between two stimuli
3. Operant Conditioning = Instrumental = Skinnerian Conditioning
a. Reward good behavior or punish bad behavior
b. Animal engage in some sort of activity (operation)- the behavior is
instrumental in the reward, food is a reward for pressing the lever
4. Observational Learning = Social Learning = Imitative Learning = Modeling
Albert Bandora
a. Most of the things we learn comes from the observation of others
ex: one animal imitates another
5. Insight Learning (Kohler apes)
a. Learn by thinking- without this, there would be no advancements in the
b. Chimp isolated in a cage smells the banana but can’t reach it there
are sticks of varying lengths in the cage to try to reach it attaches
sticks together solved a problem that nobody has taught him to solve
6. Taste (Flavor) Aversion
a. Once you have something that gets you sick you may never have it
b. One trial and done based off of sense of smell and taste
ex: Pinnacle Whipped (real bad memories)
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