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SOC 487 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - White People, Social Disorganization Theory, Nielsen Ratings


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 487
Professor
Nielsen
Study Guide
Final

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SOC 487

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RACE, ETHNICITY, CRIME, AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE
DR. NIELSER
AAS 490/SOC 487
Nielsen@miami.edu
305-284-6158
Crime: an act (or omission) that violates criminal law and is
punishable by the state, ex: is someone shot somebody, if you are
aware of a felony and you don’t tell the police, someone acting or
doing something that is problematic. The Gov. is the injured body in
this state
Emphasis will be on property, violent, and public order offenses
State or federal, federal Gov. has set of federal laws, right now
good discussion about weed,
Criminal justice: “system” with various stages through which
offenders pass
Agencies of government: police, courts, and corrections
Responsible for apprehending, adjudicating, sanctioning,
and treating criminal offenders
State or federal level
Juveniles are largely handled in juvenile justice “system”
Race: historically concerned “major biological division of mankind”
(major differences across groups)
Historically based on skin color, hair color and texture, other
physical dimensions
Caucasians, Negroid, and mongoloid
Impossible to identify exclusive racial categories-
intermarriage, evolution
Human genome project: humans are 99.9% genetically the
same
More variation within groups than across
Recognized to be social construct: politically and culturally
dominant group in society defines labels applied to other groups
Labels change over time, place, as dominant groups change
Subject to many criticism- ex: addition of “multiracial” category in
2000 U.S Census.
Terms are subject to change, political database
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Focusing of 4 “racial” groups ad 1 “ethnic” group per office of
management and budget definitions
White: origins in people of Europe, North Africa or Middle East
Black: origins in people of any black racial groups of Africa
Native American: origins among native people of North America
and who maintain cultural identification through tribal affiliation or
community recognition
Native Americans, Eskimo and Aleut
Asian or Pacific Islander: person with origins in Far East, south Asia,
the Indian subcontinent, or pacific islands
Ex: Chinese Americans, Japanese Americans, etc.
Latinos (Hispanics): persons of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban,
central or South American, or other Spanish cultural or origins,
regardless of race
Ethnicity: differences between groups based on cultural customs
(ex: language, religion, food, family patterns)
Perceived by others to be different along these dimensions
Perceived by in-group member6s to be different from others
along these dimensions
Participate in shared activities and custom related to
common group origin and culture
Ex: Latinos; Irish-Americans
Latinos: can belong to any racial group; often self identify as
“white” or “other race”
o Are extremely diverse
o Large U.S group is Mexican American 64%, Puerto Ricans 9%,
Cubans 4%, others 22.8%
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