[THEA 201] - Midterm Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (12 pages long)

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7 Feb 2017
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THEA 201
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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PERFORMANCE IS INNATE
The impulse to perform is part of the way we survive
We present different “selves” to others depending on setting and circumstances
Goffman’s Presentation of Self in Everyday Life
Fronts - costumes, props, scenery
Online identity
Identity is fluid rather than fixed
PERFORMANCE AS LEARNING
How do you learn how to behave?
Consider your first days at a new job…
Who do you watch and listen to?
How do you learn what's expected of you?
Children model patterns of behavior
Perform what they see
Perform what they imagine
COMMUNITY PERFORMANCE
Collective dramatic expression bonds communities
Rituals reinforce community values
Secular and religious rituals
Seasonal or contingent on specific need or circumstance
RITUAL
Basic Definition
Any practice or pattern of behavior regularly performed in a set manner
In terms of community performance… (and for our purposes)
Ritual is comprised of 4 parts:
Repetitive social practice
Set off from the routines of day to day life
Follows some sort of ritual schema
Is encoded in myth
Usually involves fundamental change of some kind
THEATRE AND PERFORMANCE
Impulse to perform has evolved into variety of theatre traditions all over the world
Our main focus - Western theatre tradition
SO...WHAT IS THEATRE?
The most basic theatre is: someone performing something for someone else
A performs B for C
“DRAMA” vs “THEATRE”
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A performs B for C
B= Drama
DRAMA: THE PLAYSCRIPT
While the playscript (drama) and the production (theatre) are connected closely, they are
separate entities
Playscript:
Considered Dramatic Literature
Often taught separately from Theatre
Most fully experienced during Production
IS “WHAT is Performed” always “Drama”?
Many types of activities may be considered Theatre
What is the essence of theatrical performance?
Possibilities:
The staged performance of a text
Storytelling
Entertainment such as juggling or improvisation
Since Theatre has a broad range of possibilities, the essence of What is Performed is
difficult to define
Therefore Theatre, as a performing art, is difficult to define
Theatre: The Performance
The performance translates the potential of a script, scenario, or plan into actuality
Key Components of the Performance Include:
Performance Space
where the performance takes place and what the relationship is between
the performers and the audience
Artistic Collaboration
How the playwright, director, designers and others work together to
create the Performance
Theatrical Elements
Scenery, costumes, music, lighting and other effects that contribute to the
Performance
SPECIAL TERMS ASSOCIATED WITH THEATRE
Ephemerality
Theatre is live performance, and becomes a part of the past immediately after it
occurs
Immediacy
Theatre is psychologically immediate, because it transpires in the simultaneous
presence of live actors and spectators in the same room
Willing Suspension of Disbelief”
Term from Samuel Taylor Coleridge
We know that the events of the play are not real
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