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Study Guide

PSY 201- Midterm Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 38 pages long!)

by OneClass2373236 , Fall 2018
38 Pages
57 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 201
Professor
Kurt D.Streeter
Study Guide
Midterm

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UM
PSY 201
Midterm EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
Psychology 201 Test One
Thinking about Thinking approach things with different perspectives, define
whats common (a norm) and whats not
Key Considerations and Themes
o Humans studying humans we can never get outside of human
knowledge
try to understand and predict others behaviors
o Subjective vs Objective Perspectives
Subjective Perspective each one of us has our own subjective
experiences and biases
Objective Perspective what you can share with others
through the senses
Everyone can agree they know something as a group
o Nature vs. Nurture why do humans think and act in certain ways?
Are psychological characteristics biological (nature) or acquired
through education, experience, and culture (nurture)?
Both nature and nurture dynamically interact in human
psychological development
It is never one or the other
o Mind/Body Problem
Mind our consciousness more than just reacting to the
environment
More than the brain at what point does it become
more?
Do we actually have free will if the mind is just
responding to the environment?
Body material of who we are
Are the mind and body separate and distinct, or is the mind
simply the subjective experience of ongoing brain activity?
Dualism Rene Descartes idea that the mind and the body
are separate yet intertwined
o Language SO IMPORTANT opportunity to quantify or measure
something
Operational
Science needs a material reference
Effect of experimental manipulation
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
o Ex: happiness number/frequency of smiles, how
we smile, etc.
Does something exist without a label or a word? No
Words in your knowledge base can always be used to
describe something
Words we use is our reality
Important for scientific terms if we can share an accurate
understanding, it would benefit us in many ways
We have to know what it is in order to better it
How do we know what we know?
o Experience highly subjective
Senses from our perceptions
Faith in sensory perceptions (without it schitzophrenia)
o Intuition unconscious knowledge subjective
The brain picks up patterns which help us survive
All senses work all the time
If something is off you already know
o Religion faith in the unknown
Sujbjective
No evidence to prove one is correct
o Philosophy works in abstract objective
Biased because it was created by humans but works with
religion
o Science always needs material reference
Most objective
Faith that the universe is constant and consistent
If theoies dot ok, odif the
Faith in scientific method keeps the biases out of scientists
heads
Have to check biases at door to pursue science
Critical thinking objective analysis and evaluation of an issue in order to
form a judgement
o challenge our own thoughts (what I know is not the truth it is
information)
Psychological Science
Goals of Psychology
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find more resources at oneclass.com

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Description
[PSY 201] Comprehensive fall guide including any lecture notes, textbook notes and exam guides.find more resources at oneclass.com Psychology 201 Test One Thinking about Thinking – approach things with different perspectives, define whats common (a norm) and whats not • Key Considerations and Themes o Humans studying humans – we can never get outside of human knowledge ▪ try to understand and predict other▯s behaviors o Subjective vs Objective Perspectives ▪ Subjective Perspective – each one of us has our own subjective experiences and biases ▪ Objective Perspective – what you can share with others through the senses • Everyone can agree they know something as a group o Nature vs. Nurture – why do humans think and act in certain ways? ▪ Are psychological characteristics biological (nature) or acquired through education, experience, and culture (nurture)? ▪ Both nature and nurture dynamically interact in human psychological development ▪ It is never one or the other o Mind/Body Problem ▪ Mind – our consciousness – more than just reacting to the environment • More than the brain – at what point does it become more? • Do we actually have free will if the mind is just responding to the environment? ▪ Body – material of who we are ▪ Are the mind and body separate and distinct, or is the mind simply the subjective experience of ongoing brain activity? ▪ Dualism – Rene Descartes – idea that the mind and the body are separate yet intertwined o Language – SO IMPORTANT – opportunity to quantify or measure something ▪ Operational • Science needs a material reference • Effect of experimental manipulation find more resources at oneclass.com
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