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FSHD 257 Study Guide - Spring 2019, Comprehensive Midterm Notes -


Department
Fam. Studies & Human Dev. Main
Course Code
FSHD 257
Professor
Darin Knapp
Study Guide
Midterm

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FSHD 257

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FSHD 257—Dynamics of Family Relationships
Marriage & Family Over Time
as we study family patterns and issues, we need to understand that our attitudes
and beliefs about families both affect and distort our views
experience v. expertise
Ongoing Social Controversy
Dening Family
Census definitions:
Family: “a group of two or more persons related by birth, marriage, or adoption
and residing together in a household”
Household: “one or more people—everyone living in a housing unit makes up a
household”
Types of Families
Family of orientation or origin—the family in which we grow up
nuclear—a couple and their children
extended
Family of procreation—the family formed through marriage and childbearing
Family of cohabitation—the family formed through living or cohabiting with another
person
Less Traditional Family Patterns
Kinship System/Surrogate Families
Kin can be affiliated, as when a non related person is considered as “kin”
a relative may fulfill a different kin role, such as a grandmother acting as a mother
or an “aunt” who isn’t actually related
Blended families
Foster families
resulting from a variety of circumstances, when non-parents take care of children
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grandfamilies
Four Functions of the Traditional Family
1. Economic support from all family members
2. Education & socialization of children
3. Providing for and taking care of the elderly and sick
4. Religious instruction
Major Themes of This Course
families are dynamic
the family is a dynamic social institution that has undergone considerable change
in its structure and functions
families are diverse
not all families experience things the same way
outside influences on family
outside forces shape family experiences
American Family Life
Historical Inuences
The Colonial Era (1607-1776)—puritanism, slavery, native american displacement
Marriage and Family of the Nineteenth-Century—Civil War, Industrial Revolution,
immigration
Marriage and Family of the Twentieth-Century—Civil Rights movement, The Great
Depression, World Wars I and II, Feminist movement, immigration
Aspects of Contemporary Families—immigration, identity, technology
Cultural Inuences
patriarchy—in every culture, the way men are compared to women are different
religion
language
immigration & citizenship
family members’ roles
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views of children
Social Inuences
conflict with other groups
racism & discrimination
poverty & economics
housing & residential issues
access to resources
politics and policy
Aspects of Contemporary Families
Factors promoting change
economic changes
technological innovations
demographics
three important changes have emerged:
1. increased longevity
2. increased divorce rate
3. decreased fertility rate
gender roles and opportunities for women
Noticeable trends
cohabitation—unmarried couples sharing living quarters and intimate and sexual
relationships
marriage
divorce, remarriage, and blended families
unmarried motherhood and single-parent families
Major diversity points to note
socioeconomic status (SES)/social class
poverty
race
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