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[PSY 290A] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (44 pages long)


Department
Psychology Main
Course Code
PSY 290A
Professor
Dana Narter
Study Guide
Final

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U of A
PSY 290A
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

Only pages 1-3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

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Danny Holcomb
Professor Narter
Psych 290A
5 May 2016
Final Exam Study Guide
Chapter 1:
1. Explain what it means to reason empirically. Page 8
To reason empirically means to use evidence from the senses (sight, hearing,
touch) or from instruments that assist the senses (such as thermometers, timers,
photographs, weight scales, and questionnaires) as the basis for conclusions.
2. Appreciate how an understanding of psychological research methods is crucial not
only for producers of information but also for consumers of information. Page 6
Producers of information: Create experiments and find answers. The skills you
acquire by conducting research can teach you how psychological scientists ask
questions and how they think about their discipline.
Consumers of information: Develop the ability to read about the research with
curiosity—to understand it, learn from it, and ask appropriate questions about it.
Understanding research methods enables you to ask the appropriate questions, so
you can assess the information correctly. Could be crucial to your future career as
pretty much any psychology profession requires knowing the research behind
evidence-based treatments, or therapies that are supported by research. (p. 6)
3. Describe five processes that shape psychological science. Pages 11
Theory (leads researchers to pose particular 
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Research questions, which lead to an appropriate 
Research design. In the context of the design, researchers formulate 
Hypotheses. Researchers then collect and analyze 
Data, which feed back into the cycle 
Supporting data strengthen the theory  Theory
Nonsupporting data lead to revised theories or improved research design
Improved research design  r esearch design
Revised theories Theory
Chapter 2:
1. Explain why psychologists value research-based conclusions over beliefs based
on experience, intuition, or authority.
Research: Researchers can control for potential confounds, has a comparison
group, is probabilistic (that its findings are not expected to explain all cases of all
the time), research is better than experience (confederate- actor playing role for
researcher)
Experience: page 24-29
Has no comparison group, has confounds (alternate explanations)
Intuition: page 30-36
Biased by faulty thinking- good story, by what easily comes to mind (availability
heuristic), or failing to think about what we cannot see (present/present bias)
Motivation- evidence we like best, asking biased questions to get biased answers
(confirmatory hypothesis testing), biased about being biased (bias blind spot).
Authority: page 36-38
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