[PSY 381] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 28 pages long Study Guide!

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PSY 381
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Danny Holcomb
Professor Ruiz
Abnormal Psychology
18 January 2017
Lecture 1 Notes
Crazy: Laymen’s term
Abnormal: testable scientific term
o Tells us where we stand on an average
Rachel pees in her room, Normal or Abnormal?
o Baby = normal
o Teenager = abnormal
Jen cries all day. She has trouble sleeping, isn’t eating, and has lost interest in things that
she used to enjoy, normal or abnormal?
o She recently lost her husband
What if it’s been:
2 weeks?
1 month?
6 months?
A year or more?
The Continuum Concept: Behavior, Emotions, Cognitions, Functioning
Abnormal Normal Abnormal
Normal or Abnormal:
“Normal” Depends on…
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o Age
o Frequency
o Severity
o Culture context
o Interference
Interferes with job, school, etc.
When is Abnormal a Psychological Disorder?
Psychological dysfunction
o Cognitive, emotional, or behavioral
Personal distress or impairment
o Not all disorders involve distress
o Impairment in social/occupational functioning
Atypical or not culturally expected
o What’s normal in one culture may be abnormal in another
o Impairment in social/occupational functioning
Psychological Disorder:
Widely Accepted Definition
o “Behavioral, emotional, or cognitive dysfunctions that are unexpected in their
cultural context and associated with personal distress or substantial impairment in
functioning”
Example:
o Dysfunction drug abuse
o Not socially acceptable
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