Study Guides (238,620)
United States (119,859)
History (3)
HIST 2010 (3)
Clark (3)

HIST 2010 Final: Final

9 Pages
Unlock Document

HIST 2010

Final Identification 1. American System- The American system was a plan developed by Henry Clay in 1824 as his platform for running for president. This system was comprised of three integral parts that were set to protect our agricultural, commerce, and industrial industries. With this system in place it would create tariffs to protect industry, a federalized bank and subsides for internal improvement. These subsides would go towards funding the infrastructure of the nation like roads and canals so that transportation would be better for the sake of industry. 2. Monroe Doctrine- Developed by President James Monroe in 1823 during his address to congress, was a series of policies that would be set in place for the future of the United States. President Monroe wanted to enact these new diplomatic ideas to apply towards the U.S. foreign policies because he believed that the U.S. needed to estrange itself from European affairs. The main aspects to the doctrine were compromised of closing off colonization of the Americas (including Latin America) and remaining neutral in European affairs. 3. Nullification Crisis- In 1828 President Andrew Jackson created a tariff that increased the amount of taxes due on imported goods. With the south not being able to compete with the north over the industrialized goods like iron and wool products, they believed that it was outlandish. South Carolina decided to take this issue at hand on a states rights matter and declared the tax on imported goods null and void in the state. This action as seen by many, including Jackson as a form of renouncing the union although it wasn’t that way at all. 4. Panic of 1837- The panic of 1837 was a direct result from the Britain’s economic depression. It wasn’t just Britain’s depression that put the U.S, into a depression of itself but other factors such as failing cotton and wheat prices, banking changes, and land speculation. 5. Paternalism- an ethical idea created on the basis that what was being enforced was for the betterment of others. In this case it is referring to how in the nineteenth century slave owners would justify owning slaves because it was for the slaves own good that they did not have liberty. 6. Underground railroad- A system of routes and safe houses developed to aid in the freedom of slaves. This name was coined out of how the system worked, for example the people who led the missions were called “ Conductors” and each hide away point was called a station. 7. Temperance movement- this movement was an organized effort led by militant Christians who wanted to stop the consumption on alcohol on the basis that intoxication led to violence against women and children. This movement was mostly led by women in hopes of not facing violence from their husbands. 8. Ku Klux Klan-Originally created after the end of the civil war was an organization which served as a military arm of the democratic party in the south founded in Tennessee. With this idea, the Klan terrorized the south mainly by targeting African Americans by lynching, murdering, and assaulting them. 9. Emancipation Proclamation- Declaration announced by President Abraham Lincoln in 1862. This proclamation freed slaves in areas under confederate control. This was done so not on the basis of moral reasons really but for political gain. Freedom of slaves meant that they did not have to do what their masters ensued and in turn would help the union win the civil war. The issue with this proclamation though is that many slaves did not even know that they were “freed” because the communication obviously wasn’t enact back during this time period. 10. The sea island experiment- this experiment was an initiative given to freed slaves to work for wages or even their own land on the islands of coastal South Carolina and Georgia. Through this program they could also receive education. 11. Bargain of 1877- The bargain of 1877 was an arrangement between the democrats and republicans over who had won the presidency. During this time period Rutherford B. Hayes was running on the republican ballot with Samuel Tilden running for the democrats. Since there was such a deadlock between who won what states a bargain was created to help this decision. Congress in January of 1877 appointed a 15-member electoral commission which they would vote and decide on who would be our next president. While behind closed doors those a different bargain was being created in which the republicans would appoint a democrat as a member of the cabinet in exchange for the democrats not to dispute Hayes’s right to office. 12. The 14th amendment- The 14 amendment to the United States constitution came into place in 1866 which dictated the principle in which defined citizenship for the United States. The amendment reached further than just defining who qualifies as citizens but “prohibited the states from abridging the privileges of immunities of citizens or denying any person of the equal protection laws”. Although this terminology could be applied to voting, it still did not give the rights to black men to vote. 13. Dred Scot decision- The Dred Scott vs. Sandford was a case based on the legality of bringing a slave to a region where it was illegal to have slaves. In this case Scott had been brought to Illinois from Missouri where it was legal in Missouri but illegal in Illinois. Scott sued for his freedom and ultimately remained a slave on the premises that only white men were citizens of the United States therefore he could not sue for his freedom since he isn’t even a citizen of the nation. Although this decision declared that slaves could not be citizens of the United States, it helped bring forth a challenge to change that in the reconstruction era. 14. Harpers ferry- Harpers Ferry, located in Virginia was the location of the national armory. On October 16-17, 1859, John Brown led a raid upon the armory in hopes of creating a revolt against slavery. John Brown was a known abolitionist mostly known for “Bleeding Kansas” and believed by creating this revolt in Virginia he could free the slaves there but with this aspiration he failed miserably. This failure was due to the lack of men and preparation, Brown and his men were trapped within the arsenal and had to battle it out with the Marines which ultimately led in the capture and eventual death of John Brown. 15. “King Cotton Diplomacy”- An attempt from the south to gain British intervention during the civil war in the favor of the southern slave states. This was done through banning cotton exports to the British in hopes that they could control them by getting the help that they so desperately needed. Essay • American histories usually emphasize enslaved men and women’s production of cotton. Describe some of the other occupations enslaved peoples held and the levels of freedom some of those occupations afforded them. While the history of the United States is mostly known by two major events, the revolutionary war and the civil war, the only one that still faces conflicts with todays society is the civil war. What we know from the Civil war was started on the basis of slave
More Less

Related notes for HIST 2010

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.