ARCH 201 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Doylestown, Pennsylvania, Keller Fountain Park, Thorncrown Chapel

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Published on 19 Oct 2017
School
University of Oregon
Department
Architecture
Course
ARCH 201
Professor
Fro the Frae of Referece Supporting Activities and Purposes
5 primary sources for knowledge about activity support:
Personal Experience
Knowledge provided by users seldom available in full
A well-developed building program/ brief
Historical lesson/ principles
depends upon experiences, understanding, and good judgement mandatory
supplements
Activity studies
Describe the content of a good activity study as per the example shown in Synthesis 9
Mercer Research Library, Doylestown, PA
Exploring the garden
Entering and leaving
Browsing and viewing work
Gaining information
Displaying and storing the collection
Reading and working, Using microfilm viewers
Using copiers
Managing and maintaining
Servicing and operating
Parking (8-12 cars only)
Related Thoughts and Discussion section.
Discuss the following ideas:
Controlling Activities
those that most strongly affect building organization (identifying these activities leads to
an understanding of the enduring and archetypal rituals of the place)
Activity Studies
a sequence of actions - done in order to determine the organizational and spatial
requirements of the activities - creates wholeness and harmony
STATE activities to be accommodated and IDENTIFY the controlling ones
those that most strongly affect building organization
describe the SPATIAL REQUIREMENTS of the controlling activities
area/ shape/ height/ relationships/ sub-divisions/ flexibility/ explicitness of
definition/ contextual connections/ conditions of sunlight/ services/ equipment/
storage space/ acoustical properties/ ventilation/ surface materials/ colors/
texture
determine the ROOMS SUGGESTED by the spatial requirements
implicit & explicit; outside & inside
make REPRESENTATIONS of the rooms (2D & 3D) and study ALTERNATIVE
organizational possibilities
determine ROOM GROUPS and the extent of SEPARATION or CONNECTION that
should exist between them
determine and describe desirable CONTEXTUAL CONNECTIONS
how many are needed/ how often/ to what/ to what degree
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determine and describe desirable CONDITIONS OF SUNLIGHT
how much should be there/ how often/ what kind/ what purpose
determine and describe desirable SYSTEM OF CIRCULATION
provides source for CONTEXTUAL CONNECTIONS & CONDITIONS OF SUNLIGHT
placed between zones/ edges/ both
express the decisions above in a "DIAGRAM OF OPERATIONAL LAWS"
essential description of spatial characteristics for successful functioning
[DON’T] speifi uildig site; [DO] idetif futio-based characteristic
Suggest basic organization/ methods to achieve unity & wholeness/ primary
structure/ services/ location of service chases
Develop other details later...
From the Frae of Referece Responding to Context
List and discuss 5 principles
determine and respect characteristics that make the environment unique & whole
treat new buildings as a participant/ contributor to the larger civic order (Respond to people
who use it)
consider its public & private responsibility
make good public rooms outside
augment the collective life space
improve public paths/ services/ facilities
develop in-between spaces
locate new rooms in logical and opportune locations
i.e., private rooms in quite locations/ public rooms in visible locations
respond to the topography 地形
to the vegetation/ drainage/ sub-surface 地下 condition/ location of services
respond to the climate
heat/ cold/ wind/ dryness/ humidity/ precipitation
extras (just in case): embody "spirit" of the context, respond to light, circulation system
(w/contact with context), etc.
Related Thoughts and Discussion section
Discuss the following ideas:
Spirit of Place
a place's moods, rhythms, and unique qualities
Life Space
the precise network of facilities, qualities, and opportunities that allow people to
achieve their full potential as humans
includes: facilities/ services/ equipment/ dimensional relationships
fits oe does’t ea fittig aother oe
can change if person/ lifestyle changes
physically overlaps an experientially supportive envir. should be highly packed w/
diverse opportunities and supports
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Document Summary

Fro(cid:373) the fra(cid:373)e of refere(cid:374)ce (cid:862)supporting activities and purposes(cid:863) 5 primary sources for knowledge about activity support: personal experience, knowledge provided by users seldom available in full, a well-developed building program/ brief, historical lesson/ principles, depends upon experiences, understanding, and good judgement mandatory supplements, activity studies. State activities to be accommodated and identify the controlling ones. Those that most strongly affect building organization. Describe the spatial requirements of the controlling activities. Area/ shape/ height/ relationships/ sub-divisions/ flexibility/ explicitness of definition/ contextual connections/ conditions of sunlight/ services/ equipment/ storage space/ acoustical properties/ ventilation/ surface materials/ colors/ texture. Determine the rooms suggested by the spatial requirements implicit & explicit; outside & inside. Make representations of the rooms (2d & 3d) and study alternative organizational possibilities. Determine room groups and the extent of separation or connection that should exist between them. How many are needed/ how often/ to what/ to what degree. Determine and describe desirable conditions of sunlight.