PPPM 407 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Sea Level Rise, Systems Theory, Climate Risk

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Published on 19 Oct 2017
School
University of Oregon
Department
Planning, Public Policy and Management
Course
PPPM 407
Professor
PPPM 407 Midterm Notes
Hazards
Describing Hazards
o Types:
Natural
Technological
Human-caused
Climate
o Descriptions:
Location (i.e. Flooding: along 0.2 mile of stream)
Etet i.e. Floodig: 6 to  depth
Previous Occurrences
Probability of Future Events (
 )
o Sources:
State Hazard Mitigation Plan
Disaster declarations
Hazard-related reports/plans
State agencies
Colleges/Universities
Planning team and stakeholders
Local records (i.e. newspaper, chamber of commerce, local historical society)
Vulnerability
= % of population and property (the community assets) likel to e affeted uder a aerage
occurrence of the hazard
o i.e. people, economy, buildings, essential facilities, natural environment, transportation,
utilities
Max threat = the highest % of population and property that could be impacted by the worst-
case scenario
Probability = the likelihood of future occurrences within a specified period of time
History = the record of previous occurrences
Ways to measure (of community assets):
o Resources Exposure
Number of assets and resources in hazard zones
DIRECT exposed in the zone (i.e. buildings, people)
VS.
o Community Sensitivity
Community asset characteristics and implications of a hazard event
INDIRECT exposed (i.e. economy, hospitals, tourism)
o Others: objective and subjective, data, resources, technical expertise, etc.
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Risk Assessment
Resilience
What?
o Anticipate
o Absorb
o Adapt
o Recover
o of:
Emergency services (i.e. evacation, response, recovery)
Citizens, property and infrastructure
Energy and transportation systems
Food and water systems
Social systems
Local economy
Natural systems
o To:
Climate (i.e. sea level rise, storm events)
Disasters (i.e. earthquake, tsunami)
Economic challenges/downturns
Surprises ad oliearities
uncertainties
How? (7 principles)
o Maintain diversity and redundancy
Keep open options (i.e. spare water storage)
o Manage connectivity
Make connection with different kinds of people
o Manage slow variables and feedback loops
Pay attention to changes over time (i.e. technology, crop trends, climate
changes, Cascadia)
o Foster complex, adaptive systems thinking
Systems, inter-dependencies and uncertainties matter
Make disaster recovery much more difficult
i.e. electricity <-> open roads
o Encourage learning
Proles a’t e soled  usig the sae kid of thikig
“afe failure: to avoid catastrophic failure and cascading impacts
the ability to absorb shocks;
the cumulative effects of slow-onset challenges;
the soft iterdepedee’ of a system
o Broaden participation
Expand the depth and diversity of engagement to uncover perspectives that
may not be acquired through more traditional scientific processes
The resilience network (i.e. local agencies, NOAA, community leaders)
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