PPPM 407 Study Guide - Final Guide: Federal Emergency Management Agency, National Flood Insurance Program, Empg

29 views8 pages
user avatar
Published on 19 Oct 2017
School
University of Oregon
Department
Planning, Public Policy and Management
Course
PPPM 407
Professor
PPPM 407 Final Notes
Emergency Management
Structure
o U.S.: FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency)
o State of Oregon: DLCD (The Department of Land Conservation and Development)
19 statewide planning goals
o City: Comprehensive Plan (DLCD) and Natural Hazard Mitigation Plan (FEMA)
Natural Hazard Mitigation Plan Comprehensive Plan → Updated Floodplai
Ordinance
The E.M. Planning Pyramid
NHMP Regulations
Federal planning regulations
o Disaster Mitigation Act of 2000
Reduce loss of life and property, human suffering, economic disruption, and
disaster assistance costs resulting from natural disasters
Provide pre-disaster hazard mitigation funding for implementing hazard
mitigation measures
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 8 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Requires a State mitigation plan, as a condition of assistance
Provide incentives for enhanced coordination and integration of mitigation
activities
Establishes eligibility of FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) HMA
(Hazard Mitigation Assistance)
3 grant programs:
o Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP)
o Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM)
o Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA)
Requires local governments to submit plan to State and FEMA for review
Plans must be updated every 5 years to maintain HMA eligibility
o Attachment C: Title 44 CFR (Code of Federal Regulations) 201.6
Local scale NHMP
Publishes requirements for approval of a local mitigation plan
Mitigation Funding
Federal
o Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP)
o Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM) Program
o Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) Program
o Emergency Management Performance Grant (EMPG)
State
o Community Development Block Grants
o Oregon Watershed Enhancement Board (OWEB)
Local programs and other initiatives
NHMP (Natural Hazards Mitigation Plan) Process
Def:
o A process for States and communities to identify policies, activities and tools to
implement mitigation actions
o Mitigation: any sustained action taken to reduced or eliminate long-term risk to life and
property from a hazard event
4 steps process:
1. Organizing resources
2. Assessing risks
3. Developing a mitigation plan
4. Implementing the plan and monitoring progress
* Other aspects to concern:
How is the plan prepared?
Who was involved?
o Local/Reginal communities and agencies
How is the public engaged?
o During and after
How are existing plans and information incorporated?
Access vulnerabilities and risks
Identify policies and actions to reduce risk
FEMA’s Hazard Mitigatio Assistae
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 8 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Why have a NHMP?
o Benefit > Costs
$1 spends on mitigation = $4 saved by society
FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) grants are a major part of the
ouity’s itigatio ad led to additioal loss redutio ativities
Range of 1:1.5 earthquake hazard to 1:5.1 for flood
Mitigation action examples
o Policy:
The City shall participate in the CRS (Community Rating System) program
A program that recognizes and encourages community floodplain
management activities that exceed the minimum NFIP (National Flood
Insurance Program) standards.
The City shall develop guidelines for the clearing of snow and placement of
snow banks to reduce the likelihood of flooding
o Project:
Retrofit bridges that are not seismically adequate
Clean flood prone waterways
o Process:
Establish a hazard mitigation planning committee
Integrate the Mitigation Plan findings into planning and regulatory documents
and programs
Planning parties
o Jurisdictional
Single VS. Multiple:
Jurisdiction = local government
Participated jurisdiction seeks plan approval and grant eligibility
Tribal governments must meet tribal mitigation planning requirements
Multi-Jurisdictional plans
o Benefits
Improves communication and coordination
Enables comprehensive mitigation approaches
Maximizes economies of scale by sharing costs and
capabilities
Avoids duplication of efforts
Provides organizational structure
o Challenges
Reduces individual control over process
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 8 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Local scale nhmp: publishes requirements for approval of a local mitigation plan. Mitigation funding: federal, hazard mitigation grant program (hmgp, pre-disaster mitigation (pdm) program, flood mitigation assistance (fma) program, emergency management performance grant (empg) Fema"s hazard mitigatio(cid:374) assista(cid:374)(cid:272)e: state, community development block grants, oregon watershed enhancement board (oweb) Integrate the mitigation plan findings into planning and regulatory documents and programs: planning parties. Jurisdiction = local government: participated jurisdiction seeks plan approval and grant eligibility, tribal governments must meet tribal mitigation planning requirements, multi-jurisdictional plans, benefits. Improves communication and coordination: enables comprehensive mitigation approaches, maximizes economies of scale by sharing costs and capabilities, avoids duplication of efforts, provides organizational structure, challenges, reduces individual control over process. Implement programs and activities: make decisions on policies and resources i. e. development regulation, hazard mitigation promotors, stakeholders, elected officials, business leaders, cultural institutions, colleges and universities, npos, neighborhood jurisdictions/groups, roles. Improves plan quality: ensures transparency and builds trust.