PSY 201 Midterm: Psy 201 Midterm 1 Practice Qs from Inquizitive

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Psych 201, Midterm 1, Practice Qs from Inquizitive
Chapter 1
Match the school of psychological thought with its key beliefs.
Gestalt: experiences should not be broken down into their constituent parts
Cognitive: behavior is influenced by people’s intelligence, memory, and thought -- not
just by the rewards and punishments they have received
Structuralism: an experience can be analyzed by looking at the individual pieces that
make it up
Social: people’s behaviors are shaped by their situation and their interactions with
others
Psychoanalytic: behavior is influenced by conflicts in the unconscious mind
Functionalism: it is important to understand how the mind has adapted to perform
certain tasks that allow us to survive
How does a good psychologist view new and surprising conclusions of research
studies?
Using amiable skepticism, critical thinking
Which psychologist used reaction time to study, in a laboratory setting, how long simple
and complex mental tasks took?
Wundt
Which of the following are the major tenets of Darwin’s theory of evolution?
Species change over time
Members of species that survive are most likely to reproduce
Members of species that have adaptive changes are most likely to survive
Due to framing and relative comparisons, what statements would make someone more
likely to choose to go skydiving?
“Scuba diving would cost you $500 but skydiving would only cost you $300”
90% of people who went skydiving had a great time
Match the school of thought with the psychologist’s request.
Cognitive: “tell me how you arrived at your decision”
Behaviorism: “tell me what you did in response to the change in plans”
Gestalt: “tell me the overall feeling you have when you dance”
Social: “tell me how you felt during a group presentation”
Psychoanalytic: “tell me about your dreams”
Which of the following would represent a Gestalt approach?
Believing that two people can see one thing in different ways
Seeing pictures in cloud shapes
Which of the following demonstrates the study of psychology from a biological level of
analysis?
How prenatal vitamins can affect the overall health of the newborn
How a pregnant woman's hormone levels can affect her newborn’s nervous system
How a pregnant woman reading aloud can affect her children’s prenatal brain
development
Which of the following represent the study of psychology from a social level of analysis?
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Psych 201, Midterm 1, Practice Qs from Inquizitive
How volunteering with others affects a person’s perception of the poor
How living in a friendly neighborhood affects helping behavior
How being an esteemed member of a school group affects bullying
Note: the social level of analysis studies interpersonal relationships and the effects of
groups and social settings on individuals
Psychological science uses research to study the mind, brain, and behavior. Sort the
following topics that psychologists address into these three areas of study.
Mind: thought, memory
Brain: neurochemical processes, hormonal activity
Behavior: cooperation, mating
Match the topic of study to the level of analysis.
Social: studying how having siblings affects development of friendly behavior
Biological: studying how hormone levels affect behavior in pregnant rats
Cultural: studying how international students adapt to western universities
Individual: studying how happiness level can affect one’s experience of college classes
A psychologist is interested in how adolescents make decisions to win at chess.
What approach does this psychologist emphasize?
Cognitive
Match the school of psychological thought with its founding contributor.
● Psychoanalytic: Freud
Cognitive: Miller and Neisser
● Gestalt: Wertheimer & Köhler
Social: Lewin
Behaviorism: Watson & Skinner
Humanistic: Rogers & Maslow
Levels of analysis that accompanies each focus
Biological: brain systems, neurochemistry, genetics
Individual: individual differences, perception & cognition, behavior
Social: interpersonal behavior, social cognition
Cultural: thoughts, actions, behaviors -- in different societies & cultural groups
What does a cognitive neuroscientist study?
Learning, language, perception, thinking, nerve cells, brain mechanisms, memory
Not: overt behavior, traits, or interactions with others
Children who have received a particular hospital treatment plan appear to be afflicted by
the same side effects: They are stunted in growth, suffer from severe anxiety, and
experience difficulty with problem solving. How would psychologists specializing in each
discipline study these children?
Biological psychologist: look at how their brains were affected by the hospital
treatment
Cognitive psychologist: study the children’s errors with problem solving
Developmental psychologist: compare their stunted growth to normal children’s
growth
Clinical psychologist: study how the hospital setting created severe anxiety
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Psych 201, Midterm 1, Practice Qs from Inquizitive
A grocery store newspaper claims that apple cider and honey can cure cancer,
bronchitis, acne, bad breath, heart disease, athlete’s foot, asthma, the common cold, and
other ailments. A shopper decides to consume apple cider and honey exclusively.
What should the shopper have considered before adopting the apple cider and honey
diet?
Self-serving bias, lack of empirical evidence
What approach to psychology studies enduring characteristics of a person?
Personality psychology
Functionalism began with William James who argued that structuralism’s emphasis on the
mind’s component parts left out the mind’s role in enabling us to adapt to our
environment. This view drew inspiration from Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution through
natural selection
What behaviors did humans develop—and still exhibit—because they were evolutionarily
adaptive at one point in time?
The taste of sweet and fatty foods
Being able to tell when someone is lying
Using language
Which of the following are examples of descriptive research methods?
involves investigating the parameters of a variable
this type of research allows the researcher to develop a sense for something but
does not answer the how and why of a situation
By itself, this type of research cannot prove what causes some phenomenon, but
it can reveal important information about people's behaviors and attitudes
What methods did Freudian therapists use?
Free association, psychoanalysis, dream analysis
A person in a laboratory is asked to taste and describe her conscious experience of two
different drinks. The person talks about how sweet each drink tastes to her, what they
remind her of, and which one she finds most pleasant. What method is being used to
study her subjective experience of the drinks?
Introspection
Match the person with his or her historical contribution to the field of psychology.
Titchener: structuralism
Darwin: evolutionary theory
James: functionalism
Wundt: modern experimental psychology
Chapter 2
Which of the following are the goals of science and psychological research?
Description, explanation, control, prediction
Match each term with the description
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Document Summary

Match the school of psychological thought with its key beliefs. just by the rewards and punishments they have received. Gestalt: experiences should not be broken down into their constituent parts. Cognitive: behavior is influenced by people"s intelligence, memory, and thought -- not. Structuralism: an experience can be analyzed by looking at the individual pieces that. Social: people"s behaviors are shaped by their situation and their interactions with. Psychoanalytic: behavior is influenced by conflicts in the unconscious mind. Functionalism: it is important to understand how the mind has adapted to perform make it up others certain tasks that allow us to survive. Members of species that survive are most likely to reproduce. Members of species that have adaptive changes are most likely to survive. Scuba diving would cost you but skydiving would only cost you . 90% of people who went skydiving had a great time. Match the school of thought with the psychologist"s request.

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