MUHI 2323 Study Guide - Final Guide: Austrian Folk Dance, Der Ring Des Nibelungen, New German School

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MUSC 2323 SPRING 2016
REVIEW FOR FINAL EXAM
Section 01 (9:30): Wednesday, May 11, 8-10 am
Section 02 (10:30): Thursday, May 12, 8-10 am
The final exam (2 hours duration) will be 150 points total:
8 listening identification (40 points)
11 Identifications and definitions (55 points)
11 Short answers (55 points)
PIECES FOR LISTENING IDENTIFICATION
1. Brahms, Piano Quintet/iii
2. A German Requiem/I
3. Musorgsky, Pictures at an Exhibition
4. Musorgsky, Boris Godunov
5. Chaikovsky, Symphony No. 4/IV
6. Dvořák, Symphony No. 9/iii
7. Offenbach, Orpheus in the Underworld
8. Verdi, La Traviata
9. Verdi, Otello
10. Wagner, Das Rheingold
11. Wagner, Tristan und Isolde
12. Bruckner, Symphony No. 9/I (beginning)
13. Wolf, Kennst du das Land
14. Mahler, song from Des Knaben Wunderhorn
15. Mahler, Symphony No. 2/scherzo (III)
16. Strauss, Don Juan
17. Strauss, Don Quixote
DEFINITIONS (Bold type means these are the main terms and names; the others are more likely to be
used as part of your answers for both definitions and short answers.)
The Music of the Future Controversy
o Eduard Hanslick, The Beautiful in Music in 1854, supports Brahms, while Liszt
supports the music of the future
o Beginning of music history books, beginnings of musicology
A museum culture for music the Brahms Project
o Full season subscription concerts, for new music to succeed, it had to be an instant classic
Brahms does this by referencing those older works
The Brahms project: to look to the past as a source of renewal
Eduard Hanslick, The Beautiful in Music
o 1854, the beautiful part of music is the musical part, supports Brahms
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Extra-musical aspects are extraneous to beautiful music
The New German School
o Progressive music led by Liszt, Wagner and Berlioz (1859)
Program musicsymphonic poems
o Symphonic poems: one-movement orchestral works based on an extra-musical idea
Glinka
o Father of Russian Nationalism, studied in Italy and Germany
Wanted beauty and brains
His opera, A Life for the Czar (1836), considered the beginning of Russia’s own art
music tradition, an example of Official Nationalism that helps create a national
mythology
Anton Rubinstein
o Founded the St. Petersburg Conservatory (1862)
o Cosmopolitan piano virtuoso and composer dedicated to German music
The mogachaya kuchka-- The New Russian School
o Mighty Little Band: Anti-Western Russians
o Stasov
Coined The mogachaya kuchka
Our Music in Music in the Western World, outlines characteristics of the New
Russian School, tracing everything back to Glinka
o Balakirev: leader of group
)slamey: An Oriental Fantasy , extremely virtuosic piano piece, claimed to
be an arrangement of a folk tune he heard while visiting the Caucasus region
o Cui: engineer, fortifications expert
Melodic recitative, A music that avoids unrealistic melisma in favor of speech-
like syllabic declamation using conversational prose
o Borodin: professor of organic chemistry
o Rimsky-Korsakov: naval cadet
o Musorgsky and realism: guards officer, government official
Unpleasant, ugly subjects, peasant and servant class, not as comic figures
Modeled his music on Russian speech
Fake songs
o Either literal quotations or composed folk-like tune, emphasized nationalism
Bohemia
o Smetana, The Moldau, Dvorak, Slavonic Dances
o National music aimed at improving musical life in the area, admired the New German
School
Smetana
o Composer, critic, opera director
o Admired the New German School
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Polka
o Originates as Bohemian folk dance, for couples, 2/4 time, lively
o Die Fledermaus
Waltz
o From the Austrian folk dance, Walzer, Ländler
o / time, couples dance, closed position
o Die Fledermaus
Polonaise
o Polonaise: the most socially elevated of all the ballroom dances of the th century; also
associated with military parades
o Examples: Chopin’s Military Polonaise, Polonaise at the beginning of Act 3 of Eugene
Onegin, Swan Lake has a famous polonaise
Operetta
o Little opera, lighter orchestra, parodies of operas, Gilbert and Sullivan, not all opera
virtuoso singers
Cancan
o A line of high kicking that reveals the legs under the skirt
Va pensiero
o The big hit tune from the opera Nabucco
o Unison chorus of exiled Jews who want to go home
o Verdi, became the Italian national anthem
Risorgimento
o Nationalistic time working for unification of Italy
Parlante
o Voices engage in dialogue over the orchestral melodies, sometimes doubling the melody
Tenore di forza
o Otello, Verdi
o All chest voice, made tenors and baritones sing higher, created roles for lower range of
soprano, creating the mezzo-soprano
Viva V.E.R.D.I.
o Viva V.E.R.D.I. (Viva Vittorio Emmanuele, Re d’)talia; long live Vittorio Emmanuele, King of
Italy)
Un bacio in Otello
o (A kiss)--orchestral motif that returns to end the opera
This motif shows the influence of Wagner (style is similar to Tristan und Isolde)
This love music returns to frame the final scene, where Otello murders Desdemona
out of jealousy
Arrigo Boito
o Writer, composer, pro-German, librettist for Mefistofele
o 2 collaborations with Verdi: Otello and Falstaff
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