MUHI 2323 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: The Marriage Of Figaro, La Serva Padrona, Lorenzo Da Ponte

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MUSC2323 2016: Review for exam on Classical Era on Wednesday, 24 February
FORMAT OF EXAM:
5 Listening Identification, 5 points each:
La Serva Padrona by Pergolesi (who knows)
Orfeo ed Euridice by Gluck
Sonata/ii by C.P.E. Bach (not so happy piano, improvisational)
Sonata/I by J.C. Bach (happy piano)
"Farewell" Symphony/IV by Haydn
Haydn, Symphony No. 104/I (big chords at beginning)
Haydn, The Creation )n the beginning
Mozart, Symphony No. 40 in g minor/i(strings at the beginning)
Mozart, Marriage of Figaro Non piu andrai
Mozart, Don Giovanni Leporello’s Catalogue aria (other Mozart that is not
figaro)
Beethoven, Symphony No. 5 in c minor, iii and IV (dark to light, repetitive)
Beethoven, Symphony No. 9 in d minor, IV
Beethoven, String Quartet Op. 132/III (only string quartet)
7 Terms and names (5 pts each)
8 Short answers to topics (5 pts each)
100 points total
TERMS and NAMES
from week 1:
Comic intermezzo
o Short musical comedy during the 2 intermissions of a serious opera
o Ex. La Serva Pedrona
Da capo Aria
o da capo: not a lot of music but quite long because of all the repetitions,
from the head
Querelle des bouffons
o Translates as Press controversy about the buffi in Paris, , La
Serva Padrona brought to France by travelling comic actors, a big hit,
Started a controversy about French versus Italian opera, French:
overdone and artificial, Italian: beautiful and melodic
David Garrick
o English actor who influenced Gluck’s Orfeo acting and staging, more
natural and expressive
From week 2:
Empfindsamkeit
o German term for being sensitive, receptive, applied to both listening
and performing
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o Valued in C.P.E Bach’s style of music-reflecting changes of emotion as
you go through a piece
o Musical works with Empfindsamkeit
Irregular, hard to predict what will happen next
Often slow, in minor keys
Kenner und Liebhaber
o An enlightenment idea that music should be for both professionals
and amateurs
o Liebhaber-do it for the love of it
The True Art of Playing the Keyboard (CPE Bach)
o Enlightenment idea, by C.P.E Bach
Fortepiano
o 1709, Name refers to being able to control dynamics, can play both
soft and loud
o Harpsichord was still an option, but Clavichord was C.P.E Bach
preferred instrument
Galant
o Galant: French, party music, implying bright lights, company, a
surrounding hubbub of conversation (J.C Bach)
o Contrasts with the seriousness of Empfindsamkeit
Concert Spirituel
o First concerts: Concert Spirituel sacred concert, Paris, 
o Less frivolous, not technically sacred, not all symphonies or even all
instrumental
Sammartini (Milan)
o Could be called the Father of the symphony
o Based in Milan, Italy (big center of opera), teacher of Gluck and
Mozart
Stamitz (Mannheim)
o Represents a second stage of development of the symphony, made 4
movement standard.
o 1742: In charge of the court orchestra at Mannheim, Germany
Mannheim Orchestra: made up of an army of generals, all
leaders, not ideal
Week Three
St. Stephen’s Cathedral
o Where Haydn was trained As a choir boy, voice changed, was kicked
out
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Prince Nikolaus Esterhazy
o Fanatical prince, Haydn on call all the time, had Haydn compose
whatever he wanted, all music was the property of the prince
o Baryton
Baryton
o Both bowed and plucked strings, plucked generally to play the bass
line for accompaniment, very hard instrument to learn
o Haydn gave the prince lessons, not functional instrument
Sturm und Drang
o Storm and Stress--a general movement in the arts in the 1770s,
mostly German- attitude that people could not improve, the human
condition was doomed
Anti-enlightenment-all about improvement
o In music: minor keys, fast tempos, driving rhythms; unusually
expressive and emotional
London symphonies
o Last 12 symphonies written for London # 92-104
For the first time, he was able to take into account the public’s
response, most popular and more sophisticated
Johann Peter Salomon
o German violinist who settled in London, concert organizer for Haydn
Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser (Austrian national anthem)
o Melody that was translated throughout the (apsburg empire, God
Save the King, German national anthem, Haydn string quartet 76 no.
3, and keyboard variations
The Representation of Chaos in The Creation
o The Representation of Chaos-overture that functions like a slow
movement
Light = C major tonic chords, after long, chromatic, ambiguous
introduction
Week Four (Mozart)
Family and career
o Father Leopold was a violinist who wrote a famous and important
treatise on playing the violin (1756), older sister Nannerl, child
prodigy as well
o Wrote his first symphony, K.16, Wrote 2 short operas at age 12 (Italy),
studied counterpoint with Padre Martini (1770-1773)
o Salzburg and Vienna
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