Speed of Light=3x10 m/s=C
Consequences of Heisenberg's Principle
Linear waves vs. Circular Waves
a)standing wave with an integral number of wavelengths. an allowed orbit.
b)an eliminating wave. a disallowed orbit.
Electrons can be viewed as a circular standing wave.
De Broglie an electron bound to the nucleus behaves like a standing wave.
to be a standing wave
length of wave must fit exactly the circumference of the orbit
therefore r=n (x) h/2(pie)meve n=1,2….
assumption of the wave character of the e creates an uncertainty of its position
HUP-there is a limit on how much we can know about the properties of subatomic particles
→ is a consequence of the wave nature of matter
→ insignificant for macroscopic objects
▯x=uncertainty in position
▯p= uncertainty in momentum
x and p are inversely proportional
Electrons have both wavelength and particle like properties