CMN 120 Study Guide - Final Guide: Social Presence Theory, Scantron Corporation, Individualism

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11 Apr 2017
CMN 120 Final Exam Study Guide – Winter 2017
Below are questions I consider important to know for this class. This review should not be treated
as all-inclusive for the material to be known for the exam (in other words, there could be
questions on the exam not on this review). Nor are these questions a guarantee that this material
will be on the exam (in other words, just because it is on this review it doesn’t mean it will be on
the exam). This review is simply a guide for important points in the class. Also, because we have
not heard from Dr. Petronio yet I can’t include questions from her lecture. However, there will
be questions from her lecture.
The majority of questions come from lecture/videos/guest speakers. While most of the readings
supplement lecture, there are a few concepts covered in readings that are not discussed in
lectures. Approximately 15-20% of the questions will be strictly from the reading. The exam
is also cumulative. Approximately 10-20% of the exam will be from lectures earlier in the
quarter. Most of the exam will be from lectures that occurred after the second exam.
The exam questions will include definitional questions, application questions, and synthesizing
questions (understanding connections between concepts across lectures). Many questions are very
specific. To maximize your test score you should study all of the lecture notes and readings from
the course.
The exam will be 50 multiple choice/matching questions. There will not be an open-ended
Please remember to bring a scantron to class (UCD 2000) and a pencil.
Questions to study from lecture/videos
LECTURE 9: Relational Dissolution
1. What are the phases in Steven Duck’s model? What are the thresholds? (SIX PHASES
Intrapersonal interpersonal social networks
In each phase, there is a threshold someone needs to reach or be in, in order to move on
to next stage
1. Breakdown (PRE-PHRASE)
oAt least 1 person has to be dissatisfied with relationship a problem occurs
oThreshold: “I can’t stand this anymore”
2. Intrapsychic (PHASE 1) - intrapersonal perspective
oPerson who is dissatisfied will weigh strengths & weaknesses (pros/cons) of
Would only complain to 3rd party that they know won’t tell romantic
partner about dissatisfaction
oAt the end of this phase, person has to make a decision - will you live with
dissatisfaction or tell your partner?
oThreshold: “I’d be justified with withdrawing from relationship” I’m OK if I
3. Dyadic (PHASE 2) - interpersonal
oConfront partner about dissatisfaction
Communication increases b/c have to deal w/ response from partner
oMay decide to work on relationship or end relationship
oThreshold: “I mean it” (overt communication) It’s happening!!!
4. Social (PHASE 3) - social networks
oDecided relationship is going to end
oMust decide what the relationship is going to be, after dissolution
oWill tell family/friends (social networks), in turn they offer support/resources to
end/move on
Look for allies to support (some may be against it)
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oThreshold: It’s now inevitable (it has to end); no going back
5. Grave-dressing (PHASE 4)
oNo longer in relationship but thinking about partner and reflecting on relationship
lots of self-justification
Create public version of relationship for social network
oLast phase of actual dissolution
oThreshold: It’s definitely over
6. Resurrection (Post-phase)
oReenter dating/friendship pool
Choose to start and look for new partner
oNo threshold/mental state to be in
2. What are the stages of Knapp’s model? “Staircase model” **IMPORTANT: You can’t
“skip” a stage b/c each stage provides groundwork for next stage (works for both
friendship/romantic relationships** (TEN STEPS IN TOTAL: 5 DEVELOPMENT, 5
Development (going up stairs) (FIVE)
1. Initiating
oWhen relationship first comes together
oRely on prior knowledge/stereotypes during interaction
oDecide is person is attractive or not
oSuperficial communication - strangers
2. Experimenting
oSmall talk - still experimenting
oAny self-exposure is still very superficial
3. Intensifying
oCloser friends
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oSelf-disclosure increases
oIf it’s a romantic relationship, start saying “i love you” before actually feeling it
Initiation of physical contact like hugging/sitting closer
oSelf-exposure is greater; getting closer to each other
4. Integrating
oIntimacy trophy (wearing each other’s clothes, exchanging jewelry)
oSocial circles integrate/overlap/merge
Friends become friends with partners
Meeting parents
5. Bonding
oPublic ritual/signal to show others partners are in committed relationship
oE.g., getting married, getting engaged
DISSOLUTION (going down staircase) (FIVE)
VI. Differentiating
oLots of conflict
Bonding too quickly may be the issue
oHow are you and your partner different? Recognizing differences b/w you and
oCommunication is about your differences
VI. Circumscribing
oRestrict and limit/drawing a line around opportunities for communicating with
oSmall talk & functional communication (“when is dinner going to be ready?”)
Nothing intimate about relationship
oLess interaction b/w you and partner
VI. Stagnating
oCouple will show negative feelings toward each other
Lots of unhappiness
oMay be verbal or NV forms of negativity or unpleasantness
VI. Avoiding
oPeople start to physically and psychologically distance themselves from partner
Physical - stop seeing each other
Psychological - stop emotional communication
oCommunication reinforces NV behavior (“I’m too busy right now”)
oStart preparing for what it’ll be like if no longer have their partner
VI. Terminating
oOne partner has to signal relationship is over (e.g., “I’m leaving you”)
oRelationship ends
oDecide what relationship will be after: friends, enemies, zero communication
3. What are the direct relationship termination strategies? What are the indirect
relationship termination strategies?
Direct strategies - very clear relationship is OVER (FOUR)
Direct dump
oSaying it’s over, I’m dumping you
oOccurs 81% of the time; most common of direct strategies
Dating other people
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