Midterm 1.docx

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University of California - Davis
DES 127A
Ann Savageau

DES 127AFall 2013 Midterm #1 STUDY GUIDE BRINGASCANTRON (BLUE) Midterm #1 will be all multiple choice Study the Basic Concepts document and focus on the concepts that have been presented in class or in readings Read and take notes on the Introduction and Chapters 1 and 2, Cradle to Cradle for the midterm. Class #1: Introduction to the course________________________________ -Definition of paradigm Atypical example or pattern (paradigm of hunter gatherer cultures: “Gaia:” nature is sacred, female, nurturing) -climate change: its causes and consequences Global warming; Rise in temperature, Rise in sea level, thermohaline circulation (global ocean conveyor) -Janis Birkeland: the current patterns of design 1. are wasteful of non-renewable resources 2. create toxic materials and by products 3. require excessive energy for production 4. harm biodiversity at the source of extraction 5. often involve energy-intensive long-distance transport -The current paradigm and the paradigm of the future -Dumb Design’s characteristics 1. it makes all the processes and systems invisible to us (water, energy, waste) 2. it has standardized solutions that fail to consider the special -Brundtland Commission definition of sustainability use and development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs -What does the HEP-NEP questionnaire measure It measures basic attitude toward the environment -What is the Sixth Extinction, and what 4 factors are causing it The science behind the current crisis (human impact on the environment) Death, famine, war, plague Okala Module 4: -definition of ecology is the branch of biology that studies the relationships among organisms and their environment -global ecology vs. human ecology and economy Global ecology: encompasses the largest scale of ecology. It includes land, water, atmosphere, organisms, habitats, material cycles and the relationship among these parts; finite Human ecology is a subset of ecology that studies the interaction among human populations and the Earth’s eco-systems. The economy is wholly dependant on the global ecology for primary services such as air, water, resources, food and waste processing. -characteristics of immature ecyosystems have a small number of competitive, quickly growing species use most of their available energy for growth -characteristics of mature ecosystems large number of species with stable populations use most energy to cycle materials stabilize and live off of the earth’s net solar income -definition of carrying capacity the number of different organisms and population per organism which a habitat allows if exceeds, the population will be reduced by depletion of food, disease or excessive waste -characteristics of a sustainable economy use only the net available solar energy consume a fixed and non growing amount of physical resources “sustainable economic growth” is a contradiction -characteristics of sustainable designtraditional vs. sustainable business model traditional business model: economically viable, technically possible, commercially desireable sustainable business model: economically viable, technically possible, commercially desireable, socially viable, ecologically benign Cradle to Cradle Introduction and Chapter 1: -Hannover Principles Eliminate the concept of waste: not reduce, minimize, or avoid waste, but eliminate the very concept by design -technical nutrients a product that can be broken down and circulated infinitely in industrial cycles, made and remade as “paper” or other products -Titanic as metaphor for Industrial Revolution page 17 -how to de
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