ECN 1A Midterm: AfricanHistoryMidterm1

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Published on 10 Sep 2016
School
UC-Davis
Department
Economics
Course
ECN 001A
Professor
Page:
of 4
MidtermExam:Inclass,Thursday11/5
1.Identifications:4ofthefollowingtermswillappearontheexamandyouwillbe
askedtoidentifythemusing:Who,what,when,where,why/howsignificant
Meroe
kingdomduringtheIronAgeinEgypt(670BCE300CE)
economicadvantages:richinironandtimber,extensiverainfall
mixedfarmingeconomy/agriculturalsocietysorghumandmillet,cattleas
livestock
goodpositionfortradewithGreeks&Romanscontrolovertrade
hadacultureseparatefromEgyptnewlanguage&gods
ruledbykingwithgovernmentofficialsandcraftsmen(ironsmelters)
IronAgefarmer
usedirontoolsforagriculture
IronAgeoccurredbetween500BCE1000CE
lessnomadicwayoflife
higheryieldfarming
WalterRodney
arguedthatrootsofAfrica’scurrentproblemsofunderdevelopmentcouldbetraced
backtoslavetrade&areduetoEurope(1972)
Africaasvictim
verycontroversial
Timbuktu
originallyatentedsettlementofTuaregBerbers
LinkuppointwithTransSaharantrade
broughtwithinMaliempireimportantcenterforMuslimtradersandscholars
(1450)
eventuallyabsorbedintoSonghay
Oraltraditions
thewaythatstories/historywerepasseddownthroughthegenerations
oftentoldbygriots
narrativecreatedbypeopleinpowerofhowtolive
biasedlegitimizepowerofpoliticalelite&ofaparticularsociety
ex:Sundiata
Ghana
kingdomthatexistedduringtheIronAge(513thcenturiesCE)
Soninkepeople
Ironworkingfarmers,fishermen,herdsmen
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
lotsofopportunityfortradeacrosstheSaharasalt&gold
Islamiccomponents
Trustsystem
keymodeofexchangeforhubsofcommerceinthe18th&19thcentury
advancedtradinggoodsforslavestobedeliveredatalaterdate
MansaMusa
broughtMalitofameinMuslimworld(1324)
pilgrimagetoMecca
verywealthy,spentsomuchgoldthatthepriceofgolddroppedinCairo
influencedSudanesescholarstosetupcentersoflearning
HowtowriteaboutAfrica
satiricalpiecewrittenbyBinyavangaWainainain2005
attackedthewaythatoutsidersportrayAfricainwriting
enormoussupportfromAfricanpeople
TheAtlanticslavetrade
typicallymenasslaves
tradedslavesforfancygoodsfromEurope
equalityinpowerinthetrade
highmortalityrateforslaves
ex:DiaryofAnterraDuke
wealthinpeople
Mai/MaisSwahili/KiswahiliDahomey
originallyabanditstate
adoptedtheuseofgunsearlyon
soldcaptivestoPortugueseinlate1400swhileundergoingmilitaryexpansion
bannedslavetradein1516butrenewedexportofslaveswhileindeclinebecauseof
theneedforguns
fitsthegunsforslavescycle
ChimamandaNgoziAdichie
Nigerianauthor
WroteAmericanah
andHalfofaYellowSun
Speaksaboutprejudice,race,love
2.Shortanswerquestions:4ofthefollowingconceptswillappearontheexamand
youshoulddetailtheirmeaningandsignificance.
Wayoflifeofhomosapiens/
huntergathers
UpperPaleolithicera(1200ColonialRule)
livedinsmallfamilygroups
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find more resources at oneclass.com
mobile,egalitarian,sharedsurplus
genderdivisionoflaborwasfluid,womenwereproviders
“originalaffluentsociety”,lotsofleisuretime
OutofAfricatheory
claimsthatHomoSapiensleftAfricaakathe“modernman”completelyevolvedin
Africa
MitochondrialDNAtesting/HumanGenomeProjecteveryonehasatraceofAfrica
ThesignificanceofironinearlyAfricansocieties
moreadvancedfarmingtools
abletocreatesurplus
lessnomadicsocieties
LaborandtheproductionofEgyptianartandarchitecture
Stratifiedlaborclassusuallywarprisoners
Pyramidsintensebuilding,lotsoforganization
Art&architecturebecameadvancedandfocusedonaestheticduetoleisuretime&
advancementofsociety
FactorscontributingtothedevelopmentofearlytransSaharantrade
domesticationofthecamelbetween3rdand7thcenturies
riseofGhana
desireforsalt&goldacrosstheSahara
Bantumigrations
BantulanguagegroupstakeoverAfrica
tracethespreadofBantulanguagesacrossAfricatounderstandmigration
tracedthroughironsmeltingtechnology,pottery&archaeology,linguistics,mixed
farming,commoncharacteristicsofBantuspeakingcommunities
ThedevelopmentofthegoldtradeinearlyAfrica
typicallyonthecoasts
citystatesweregrowing,highvolumeoftrade
lotsofIslamictraderstocreateconnections
monsoonwindsallowedforsteadytravel
luxurygoodsofequalwealthweretraded
TheexpansionofAsante
wealthy
verystratifiedmonarchy“thestool”
empirefoundedin1701
centerofgoldmining
Britishblockedsalesofgunsinland
doesnotfitslavesforgunscycle
AgricultureandtheimpactonEgyptiansociety
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find more resources at oneclass.com