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MUS 10 Midterm Study Guide.docx

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University of California - Davis
MUS 10

MUS 10 Midterm Study GuideoUse of voice over instruments because Middle Age was time of church and instruments were seen as Responsible for all material in ebook age 237 MOSTLY recognizing secular musical scores recognizing if the score uses modern notation or neumatic notation composers and genres of each period songs oCanonic naturesimple rhythmic patterndiscussed and analyzed in class and form and instrumentation for oUsed chanting for psalms the piecesoAntiphonsmelodic intro to psalm recitation similar Middle Ages 8001400to what we hear in church 540604 Pope Gregory Iwrote down chants and later had oAntiphonal2 chords responding to each other them notated Gregorian chantoResponsorialaudiencechamber responds to the 800 Charlemagne crownedhelped to end the dark agesspeaker 10981179 Hildegard Jon Bingenone of the most prolific oHave 4 line staff with neumes composers we can hear today oWoman composeroNon Metrical and without rhythm free meter and rhythmoEarliest composeroCadencepauses dictated by text phrasesoVisionary poetoNo bar lines oBotanistnaturalistoNo sharps or flatsoSetting of the KyrieoUse of monophonic soundssingle voice Wide vocal range oCan be melismaticadd many notes to a syllable Ecstatic falling melismas oUse church nodes NOT tonal scales Centralization off power in Western Europe through the oChant used as cantus firmus fixed voiceRoman Catholic church and Holy Roman EmpireoChant develops in 2 directionsScience vs Superstition Education universities and monks as teachers Increase in internal structureChantAdd other voiceslines polyphonyEarly polyphonynote and note oPunctus contra punctuscounterpart1492 Columbus oDrone organumbottom voice is static lower vice Aristocracy rose over the church singing one noteAdd more instruments to music but still had acapellaoMelistamtic organum Continued to use church nodes Floridupper voiceSlowerfocused tempo sound Tenorlower voice principal voice Polyphonic massborrowed from chantoParallel voices moving together Liturgycollection of texts worship throughout the year oDroneMass ordinarytext everyday oIndependent counterpartnoteagainstnoteoKyrie Gloria Credo Sanctus Agnus DeioMelismatic or florid organumMass Propertext particular to a holidayImitative polyphony is at the root of much music of the Motetchant in long slow notes with melismatic lines Renaissance whereas fugal writing is a major preoccupation added with textfor BaroqueoOne of the oldest terms associated with composed Motetsacred compositionsart music motet means different things at different periods For the moment think of it as an Madrigalsecular compositions unaccompanied vocal work usually in Latin to a sacred text Most motets are from the RenaissanceDufaycomposed with equal success both secular song the French chanson and Latin sacred musicLeoninwrote melismatic and florid lines Notre Dame polyphonyOkeghem Perotinwrote melismatic and florid lines Notredame oWorked in Cambria PolyphonyoComplex learned music Machaut composed a wonderful polyphonic Mass of Our oCanons with each part in different meterLady sacred and secular motets and pioneering work in the emerging forms fixes or standard verse pat terns of French oChoir books used for performancelyric poetryoElaborate manuscriptsRenaissance
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