NUT 10 Study Guide - Comprehensive Midterm Guide: Essential Amino Acid, Whey Protein, Complete Protein

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6 Feb 2017
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UC-Davis
NUT 10
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Lecture 2
- water is an esse ntial nutrient
- 3 pote ntial functions of nutrients (te st que stion)
- En erg y (ca lories)
- prote in
- ca rbohydra te s
- fa t
- macronutrients are the only nutrie nts that ca n give you ene rgy (prote in, carbs , fat are a ll
macronutrients
- Stru cture
- nutrie nts become a pa rt of you
- prote in is a n e xa mple
- Re g ula tio n
- nutrie nts help regulate different proce sses in your body
- prote in is re s ponsible for making mos t of the e nzyme s in our body
- enzyme : a structure that he lps a ccelera te different biologica l proces s es
- prote in fulfills a ll 3 of the pote ntia l functions
How Mu c h of Th es e nu trie n ts Do We Con s ume ?
- die ta ry refere nce intake
- the amount of nutrients tha t e ve ry individua l ne e ds
- ex. Vitamin C
- if you become deficie nt in Vita min C you ge t s curvy
- if you eat too much, it might make you s ick
- Re commende d Dietary Allowance (RDA): the daily amount of nutrie nts conside re d ade qua te
to meet the ne e ds of a ll he a lthy people , a nd to be a vera ge d over several da ys, not a
minimum
- RDA is a n amount that is es ta blished for all he a lthy pe ople, average d over a couple da ys
Wh a t De term ine s How Muc h P rote in S om e o n e Ne e ds
- physiological sta te
- ex. pregnant pe ople ne ed more protein
- gende r
Daily Value
- general value on food la be ls
- ba se d on a 2,000 calorie diet
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- as s ume s that the pers on is of average weight
How do e s our bo d y a b s o rb and utilize nutrie n ts
- our body ha s to digest food in orde r to a bs orb thos e nutrie nts
- Dige stion: the proce s s of bre aking down food into sma ller abs orba ble units
- be familia r with the compone nt of the dige stive sys te m
- Mouth: whe re dige s tion starts
- Es ophagus : a fte r you ta ke a bite of food, it goes down your e sopha gus
- it hits your S to m a c h which ble n d s th e food up
- Pan c re a s s e cre te s importa nt diges tive e nzyme s
- main organ that ma ke s dige s tive e nzymes
- food goe s from your s toma ch to s m all inte s tine where a lot of the chemica l digestive
proce s s ha ppen
- then a ll the waste (food tha t we were n't a ble to get nutrie nts from) ge ts shippe d out to the
la rg e in te s tin e
- gall bla dder: se cre tes certain enzyme s for ce rta in nutrie nts
2 Type s o f Dig e s tio n
- Ph ys ic a l
- physica l chomping and ble nde rizing of food to bre a k it down into s ma ller abs orbable units
- occurs in your mouth mos tly
- food goe s down your e sopha gus to your stoma ch
- *s to m a ch is th e main s ite of phys ic al d ig e s tion*
- main players
- mouth
- es opha gus
- stomach (ma in main pla yer)
- Ch e mic a l
- us e che mica ls and e nzyme s to bre a k down food into small abs orba ble units
- generally occurs a t the level of the s toma ch
- the sma ll inte s tines is the ma in site of che mical dige s tion
- main players
- stomach
- small inte s tine s (ma in ma in)
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