PSC 142 Study Guide - Fall 2019, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Interaction, Natural Selection, Heritability

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Published on 14 Feb 2019
School
UC-Davis
Department
Psychology
Course
PSC 142
Professor
PSC 142
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What influences cause children to develop unique personalities, a sense of self, -
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Consider:
what tactics did the girls use to persuade the boy to share his ice cream?
Black mail - “I am going to tell on you”
“I won’t be your friend if you don’t share”
“I will be your friend if you do share”
Foot in the door phenomenon - “I’ll just have 1 bite”
2 girls learned from each other
Back and forth
Used a lot of relation strategies
will/ won’t be your friend
Used physical strategies
Why did the girls act as they did? What influences guided their behavior?
Expectations of sharing
Learn that telling on someone can get what you want ?
Where they grew up can affect kids
Consider culture
Heredity
Each kid has different genetic blueprint
Consider how much / little their brains have developed
Would these people act similarly 20 years later? Why or why not?
Probably
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Social & Personality development is concerned with
the causes of development & how they interact w/ each other
Developing biological systems
Family socialization
Peer influences
Community & institutional supports & challenges
Society & culture
Children’s interpretations of their own experiences
The origins of individuality
How do biological & environmental influences interact in children’s
unique developmental pathways ?
Do influences from early in life have life - long implications ?
What are the reasons for continuity & change in children’s
individuality?
How did you become the kind of person you are today?
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Theories
Social & Personality development are guided by the interactions of many
influences:
Genetics, developing neurobiology, & other biological processes
Social influences in the environment
Societal, cultural & historical conditions
Physical environment
Critical life events
Contributions of the developing person
How important are each of these influences? Does their importance vary
for different areas of development? Does their importance vary at
different ages ?
How do these influences interact in guiding social & personality
development?
How does this interaction change over the life course?
What are the implications of this for efforts to shift the odds toward healthy
development?
Developmental theories guide thinking about social & personality development
Psychodynamic theory - emphasizes the importance of early experiences,
stages of development, & the significance of emotional experience
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